Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 38 | 33-44

Article title

Body Posture Stability in Ski Boots Under Conditions of Unstable Supporting Surface


Title variants

Languages of publication



The authors attempted to determine whether: (1) there are differences in stability between the conditions of standing in ski boots and barefoot, (2) the type of surface affects stability, and, (3) the level of stability differs between the frontal and sagittal planes. The study included 35 young male recreational skiers aged 20.71 ±0.63 years. Measurements of stability were taken by means of a Libra seesaw balance board. The conditions of soft surface were created by attaching an inflated cushion to the board. The experiment was carried out on both rigid and soft surface for both movement planes and two different conditions: maintaining the seesaw balance board in the horizontal position and performance of a particular balancing task. All the tests were performed with visual feedback. Restricted ankle joint mobility that results from wearing ski boots caused a reduction of stability in studied subjects, particularly in the sagittal plane. The differences found in the study were likely to be caused by the difficulty the beginners experienced in re-organizing muscular coordination in hip joint strategy and effectively using mechanical support of ski boots that reduces lower limb muscle tone. The use of the soft surface improved stability exhibited by the subjects in the frontal plane without compromising the stability in the sagittal plane. The soft surface might have contributed to a reduction in excessive corrective movements, thus improving stability in studied subjects.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of limitation of foot mobility and disturbances in afferent information from the plantar mechanoreceptors due to wearing ski boots on the level of postural stability in beginner skiers under conditions of the unstable support surface.







Physical description


1 - 09 - 2013
08 - 10 - 2013


  • Department of Physical Education and Sport. University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport. University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
  • Institute of Health. State Higher Vocational School in Tarnow, Poland


  • Almeida GL, Carvalho RL, Talis VL. Postural strategy to keep balance on the seesaw. Gait Posture, 2006; 23: 17-21[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Bennell KL, Goldie PA. The differential effects of external ankle support on postural control. J OrthopaedicSports Phys Therapy, 1994; 20: 287-295[Crossref]
  • Chiang JH, Wu G. The influence of foam surfaces on biomechanical variables contributing to postural control. Gait Posture, 1997; 5: 239-245[Crossref]
  • Dietz V, Mauritz KH, Dichgans J. Body oscillations in balancing due to segmental stretch reflex activity. ExpBrain Res, 1980; 40: 89-95
  • Erkmen N, Taşkın H, Sanioğlu A, Kaplan T, Baştürk D. Relationships between balance and functional performance in football players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2010; 26: 21-29[WoS]
  • Horak FB. Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age Ageing, 2006; 35-S2: 7-11
  • Ivanenko YP, Levik YS, Talis VL, Gurfinkel VS. Human equilibrium on unstable support: the importance of feet-support interaction. Neurosci Lett, 1997; 235: 109-112
  • Marin L, Bardy BG, Baumberger B, Fluckiger M, Stoffregen TA. Interaction between task demands and surface properties in the control of goal-oriented stance. Hum Movement Sci, 1999; 18: 31-47[Crossref]
  • Mergner T. A neurological view on reactive human stance control. Annu Rev Control, 2010; 34: 177-198[WoS][Crossref]
  • Mergner T, Maurer C, Peterka RJ. A multisensory posture control model of human upright stance. Prog BrainRes, 2003; 142: 189-201
  • Noe F, Paillard T. Is postural control affected by expertise in alpine skiing? Brit J Sport Med, 2005; 39: 835-837[Crossref]
  • Noe F, Amarantini D, Paillard T. How experienced alpine-skiers cope with restrictions of ankle degrees-of- freedom when wearing ski-boots in postural exercises. J Electromyogr Kines, 2009; 19(2): 341-346[WoS][Crossref]
  • Patel M, Fransson PA, Lush D, Gomez S. The effect of foam surface properties on postural stability assessment while standing. Gait Posture, 2008; 28: 649-656[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Peterka RJ. Sensorimotor integration in human postural control. J Neurophysiol, 2002; 88: 1097-1118[PubMed]
  • Peterka RJ, Loughlin PJ. Dynamic regulation of sensorimotor integration in human postural control. JNeurophysiol, 2004; 91: 410-423
  • Riemann BL, Lephart SM. The sensorimotor system. Part II: The Role of proprioception in motor control and functional joint stability. J Athl Training, 2002; 37(1): 80-84
  • Rogers MW, Wardman DL, Lord SR, Fitzpatrick RC. Passive tactile sensory input improves stability during standing. Exp Brain Res, 2001; 136: 514-22
  • Schaff P, Hauser W. Measuring pressure distribution on the human tibia in ski-boots. Sportverletz Sportsc, 1987; 1: 118-29[Crossref]
  • Shumway-Cook A, Horak FB. Assessing the influence of sensory interaction of balance. Suggestion from the field. Phys Ther, 1986; 66(10): 1548-1550
  • Tchórzewski D, Jaworski J, Bujas P. Influence of long-lasting balance on unstable surface for changes in balance. Human Movement, 2010; 11(2): 144-152
  • Winter DA. Human balance and posture control during standing and walking. Gait Posture, 1995; 3: 193-214[Crossref]
  • Wu G, Chiang JH. The effects of surface compliance on foot pressure in stance. Gait Posture, 1996; 4: 22-129
  • Zatoń M, Zatoń K, Zygadło A. Changes in kinaesthetic differentiation capacity in the ski learning process. Antropomotoryka, 2008; 44: 37-47

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.