PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 37 | 1 | 63-70
Article title

Muscle Activation Profiles of Lower Extremities in Different Throwing Techniques and in Jumping Performance in Elite and Novice Greek Judo Athletes

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this study was to examine the neuromuscular adaptations of knee muscles during hip throwing techniques and vertical jumps in elite and novice Greek judokas. Ten elite and ten novice judokas performed two hip throws and different vertical jumping tasks. Surface electromyograms were recorded from vastus lateralis and biceps femoris muscles along with generated kinetics. Elite judokas revealed higher EMG activity of agonist muscles during throws and jumps but lower co-activation levels. Better jumping performance, better utilisation of the stretch-shortening cycle mechanism, higher and earlier generated pushoff forces and shorter contact time periods characterized elite judokas. Total neuromuscular activation that adopt elite judokas reveals a more mature and skill dependent strategy compared to novice ones.
Publisher
Year
Volume
37
Issue
1
Pages
63-70
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 06 - 2013
online
05 - 07 - 2013
References
  • Amiridis IG, Martin A, Morlon B, Martin L, Cometti G, Pousson M, van Hoecke J. Co-activation and tensionregulating phenomena during isokinetic knee extension in sedentary and highly skilled humans. Eur JAppl Physiol Occup Physiol, 1996; 73: 149-156[Crossref]
  • Bernardi M, Solomonow M, Nguyen G, Smith A, Baratta R. Motor unit recruitment strategy changes with skill acquisition. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 1996; 74: 52-59[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Croce RV, Russell PJ, Swartz EE, Decoster LC. Knee muscular response strategies differ by developmental level but not gender during jump landing. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol, 2004; 44: 339-348[PubMed]
  • Franchini E, Del Vecchio FB, Matsushigue KA, Artioli GG. Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes. SportsMed, 2011; 41: 147-166
  • Franchini E, Nunes AV, Moraes JM, Del Vecchio FB. Physical fitness and anthropometrical profile of the Brazilian male judo team. J Physiol Anthropol, 2007; 26: 59-67[Crossref]
  • Franchini E, Panissa VL, Julio UF. Physiological and Performance Responses to Intermittent Uchi-komi in Judo. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27: 1147-1155[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Franchini E, Yuri Takito M, Yuzo Nakamura F, Ayumi Matsushigue K, Peduti Dal'Molin Kiss MA. Effects of recovery type after a judo combat on blood lactate removal and on performance in an intermittent anaerobic task. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2003; 43: 424-431
  • Hermens HJ, Freriks B, Disselhorst-Klug C, Rau G. Development of recommendations for SEMG sensors and sensor placement procedures. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 2000; 10: 361-374[Crossref]
  • Kovacs I, Tihanyi J, Devita P, Racz L, Barrier J, Hortobagyi T. Foot placement modifies kinematics and kinetics during drop jumping. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1999; 31: 708-716[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Lazaridis S, Bassa E, Patikas D, Giakas G, Gollhofer A, Kotzamanidis C. Neuromuscular differences between prepubescents boys and adult men during drop jump. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 110: 67-74[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Liu Y, Peng CH, Wei SH, Chi JC, Tsai FR, Chen JY. Active leg stiffness and energy stored in the muscles during maximal counter movement jump in the aged. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 2006; 16: 342-351[Crossref]
  • Pucsok JM, Nelson K, Ng ED. A kinetic and kinematic analysis of the Harai-goshi judo technique. ActaPhysiol Hung, 2001; 88: 271-280[Crossref]
  • Sbriccoli P, Camomilla V, Di Mario A, Quinzi F, Figura F, Felici F. Neuromuscular control adaptations in elite athletes: the case of top level karateka. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 108: 1269-1280[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Sforza C, Turci M, Grassi GP, Shirai YF, Pizzini G, Ferrario VF. Repeatability of mae-geri-keage in traditional karate: a three-dimensional analysis with black-belt karateka. Percept Mot Skills, 2002; 95: 433-444[PubMed]
  • Sorensen H, Zacho M, Simonsen EB, Dyhre-Poulsen P, Klausen K. Dynamics of the martial arts high front kick. J Sports Sci, 1996; 14: 483-495
  • Thomas SG, Cox MH, LeGal YM, Verde TJ, Smith HK. Physiological profiles of the Canadian National Judo Team. Can J Sport Sci, 1989; 14: 142-147[PubMed]
  • Wikstrom EA, Tillman MD, Chmielewski TL, Borsa PA. Measurement and evaluation of dynamic joint stability of the knee and ankle after injury. Sports Med, 2006; 36: 393-410[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Zaggelidis G, Lazaridis S, Malkogiorgos A, Mavrovouniotis F. Differences in vertical jumping performance between untrained males and advanced Greek judokas. Arch of Budo, 2012; 8: 87-90
  • Zehr EP, Sale DG, Dowling JJ. Ballistic movement performance in karate athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1997; 29: 1366-1373[PubMed][Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_hukin-2013-0026
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.