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2014 | 21 | 2 | 353-363

Article title

The Impact of Waste Incineration on Human Beings and The Environment


Title variants

Oddziaływanie Spalarni Odpadów Na Ludzi I środowisko

Languages of publication



The article discusses issues related to the impact of incineration on human health and the environment. The aim of the work is to make a broad overview of the existing literature in this area. The problem was described in the literature based on a number of waste incineration plants studies in both Europe and all around the world. Subjects analyzed in the literature were risks at workplace, both administrative ones and directly related to the process of thermal treatment of waste. These risks result among others from the atmospheric emissions of many pollutants, including most of all polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, heavy metals and some volatile organic compounds. The results of these studies will be an important argument in the discussion on the possible risks to humans and the environment posed by waste incineration plants and the expediency of building waste incinerators in Poland.









Physical description


8 - 7 - 2014


  • Lodz University of Technology, ul. Wólczańska 175, 90-924 Łódź, Poland, phone +48 42 631 37 95, fax +48 42 636 81 33,
  • Lodz University of Technology, ul. Wólczańska 175, 90-924 Łódź, Poland, phone +48 42 631 37 95, fax +48 42 636 81 33,


  • [1] Dyrektywa Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady 2008/98/WE z dnia 19 listopada 2008 r. w sprawie odpadów oraz uchylająca niektóre dyrektywy. Dziennik Urzędowy Unii Europejskiej L 312/4.
  • [2] MRC Institute for Environment and Health. Health effects of waste combustion products, 1997.
  • [3] UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency - Komisja ds. Rakotwórczości 2000 - „Występowania raka w pobliżu komunalnych spalarni odpadów stałych w Wielkiej Brytanii” - protokół COC/00/S1 - marzec 2000.
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  • [7] Indulski JA, editor. Higiena pracy Tom 1, Łódź: Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. Prof. J Nofera; 1999.
  • [8] Rozporządzenia Ministra Zdrowia z dnia 22 kwietnia 2005 roku w sprawie szkodliwych czynników biologicznych dla zdrowia w środowisku pracy oraz ochrony zdrowia pracowników zawodowo narażonych na te czynniki.
  • [9] Franchini M, Rial M, Buiatti E, Bianchi F. Health effects of exposure to waste incinerator emissions: a review of epidemiological studies. Ann Ist Super Sanità. 2004;40(1):101-115.[PubMed]
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  • [11] Fabre P, Daniau C, de Crouy-Chanel P, Goria S, Paez-Jimenez A, Colonna M, et al. Dioxin exposure and cancer incidence in vicinity to municipal solid waste incinerators in France. Organohalogen Compounds. 2007;69:1021-1025.
  • [12] Zambon P, Ricci P, Bovo E, Casula A, Gattolin M, Fiore AR, et al. Sarcoma risk and dioxin emissions from incinerators and industrial plants: a population-based case-control study (Italy). Environ Health. 2007;6(19):1-10. DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-6-19.[Crossref][WoS]
  • [13] Floret N, Mauny F, Challier B, Arveux P, Cahn J, Viel JF. Dioxin emissions from a solid waste incinerator and risk of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Epidemiology. 2003;14(4):392-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2010.11.009.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • [14] Fátima-Reis M, Sampaio C, Aguiar P, Maurício-Melim J, Pereira-Miguel J, Päpke O. Biomonitoring of PCDD/Fs in populations living near Portuguese solid waste incinerators: Levels in human milk. Chemosphere. 2007;67(9):S231-S237. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.05.103.[Crossref][WoS]
  • [15] Kumagai S, Koda S, Oda H. Exposure evaluation of dioxins in municipal waste incinerator workers. Industrial Health. 2003;41:167-174. DOI: 10.2486/indhealth.41.167.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • [16] Schecter A, Papke O, Ball M, Lis A, Brandt-Rauf P. Dioxin concentrations in the blood of workers at municipal waste incinerators. Occupational and Environ Medicine. 1995;52:385-387. DOI: 10.1136/oem.52.6.385.[Crossref]
  • [17] Shih TS, Chen HL, Wu YL, Lin YC, Lee CC. Exposure assessment of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in temporary municipal-waste-incinerator maintenance workers before and after annual maintenance. Chemosphere. 2006;64:1444-1449. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.01.014.[Crossref][PubMed]
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  • [19] Carmen AM, Domingoa AL, Domingoa H, Corbella J. Monitoring internal exposure to metals and organic substances in workers at a hazardous waste incinerator after 3 years of operation. Toxicology Letters. 2003;146:83-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2003.09.003.
  • [20] Charbotel B, Hours M, Perdrix A, Anzivino-Viricel L, Bergeret A. Respiratory function among waste incinerator workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2005;78:65-70. DOI: 10.1007/s00420-004-0557-7.[Crossref]
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Publication order reference


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