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2014 | 21 | 1 | 35-43
Article title

The impact of various cations on the sorption of manganese in the thallus of freshwater algae spirogyra sp. and sea algae palmaria palmata

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Due to their occurrence in very different conditions and high resistance to physical and chemical factors, algae are pioneers colonising new environments and their sorption properties are used in biomonitoring and water remediation. The efficiency of the process of heavy metal sorption in algae used for in situ tests depends on abiotic factors, such as the chemical composition of water. Freshwater algae Spirogyra sp. were used in tests. Algae were exposed in the laboratory in manganese chloride solutions with various contents of other cations, including heavy metals and macronutrients. It has been shown that some heavy metals may desorb manganese bound to the surface of algae as a result of ion exchange in the following sequence: Cd2+ < Mn2+ ≈ Zn2+ < Cu2+. It has been also found that the competitiveness of sorption of cations naturally present in the alga environment versus Mn2+ cations changes in the sequence Na+ < Ca2+ < H+, defined for the concentrations referring to the cation unit charge. The results of tests were compared to the results of dried sea algae Palmaria palmata analyses.
PL
Glony ze względu na występowanie w bardzo zróżnicowanych warunkach i dużą odporność na czynniki fizykochemiczne należą do pionierów zasiedlających nowe środowiska, a ich właściwości sorpcyjne są wykorzystywane w biomonitoringu i remediacji wód. Wydajność procesu sorpcji metali ciężkich na glonach wykorzystywanych do badań in situ uzależniona jest od czynników abiotycznych, m.in. od składu chemicznego wody. Do badań wykorzystano słodkowodne glony Spirogyra sp., które w warunkach laboratoryjnych eksponowano w roztworach chlorku manganu o różnym udziale innych kationów, m.in. metali ciężkich i makroelementów. Wykazano, że niektóre metale ciężkie mogą desorbować mangan związany powierzchniowo na glonach wskutek wymiany jonowej, w szeregu Cd2+ < Mn2+ ≈ Zn2+< Cu2+. Stwierdzono również, że konkurencyjność sorpcji kationów naturalnie występujących w środowisku bytowania glonów w stosunku do kationów Mn2+ zmienia się zgodnie z szeregiem: Na+ < Ca2+ < H+, wyznaczonym dla stężeń molowych odniesionych do jednostkowego ładunku kationu. Wyniki badań porównano z wynikami analiz przeprowadzonych na suszonych glonach morskich Palmaria palmata.
Publisher
Year
Volume
21
Issue
1
Pages
35-43
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 3 - 2014
online
9 - 4 - 2014
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_eces-2014-0003
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