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2013 | 20 | 2 | 257-264

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Trace Metal Levels in Vehicle Air and Pollen Filter Dusts by the BCR Extraction Procedure


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The availability of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Fe and Zn of dust from vehicle air and pollen filters were investigated by four-step BCR (European Community Bureau of Reference) sequential extraction procedure. The acid-soluble, reducible, oxidizable, residual extracts were measured by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results indicated that both of air and pollen filter dusts contained higher concentration of Fe. To estimate the accuracy of the method the standard reference material BCR 701 was used. The results for recovery all the elements were found in the range 95.4-101.3%. The mean concentrations [μg/g] of trace elements in dusts from air filters/pollen filters were: cadmium 16.72/17.56; cobalt 24.22/23.72; chromium 46.02/55.44; copper 44.92/37.67; iron 1868.03/1854.92; manganese 231.2/213.64; nickel 38.89/45.27; lead 60.99/67.17; zinc 199.58/201.25. The results obtained are in agreement with data reported in the literature.
Zbadano zawartość Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Fe i Zn w pyłach powietrza z pojazdów i w filtrach pyłowych za pomocą sekwencyjnej procedury ekstrakcji BCR (European Community Bureau of Reference). Skład ekstraktów zawierających substancje rozpuszczalne w kwasach, redukowalne i utlenialne był badany za pomocą metody indukcyjnie wzbudzonej plazmy sprzężonej z optyczną spektroskopią emisyjną (ICP-OES). Wyniki wskazują, że zarówno powietrze, jak i materiał z filtrów pyłowych zawierały zwiększone stężenia Fe. Do oszacowania dokładność metody wykorzystano standardowy materiał referencyjny BCR 701. Odzysk wszystkich pierwiastków mieścił się w zakresie 95,4-101,3%. Średnie stężenia [μg/g] pierwiastków śladowych w pyle z filtrów powietrza/filtrów pyłowych wynosiły dla kadmu 16,72/17,56; kobaltu 24,22/23,72; chromu 46,02/55,44; miedzi 44,92/37,67; żelaza 1868,03/1854,92; manganu 231,2/213,64; niklu 38,89/45,27; ołowiu 60,99/67,17; cynku 199,58/201,25. Uzyskane wyniki są zgodne z danymi literaturowymi.









Physical description


1 - 06 - 2013
29 - 05 - 2013


  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, Turkey, phone +90 264 295 60 59
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, Turkey, phone +90 264 295 60 59
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, Turkey, phone +90 264 295 60 59


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