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2013 | 20 | 1 | 177-198

Article title

Analysis of Solar Energy Resources in Southern Poland for Photovoltaic Applications / Analiza Struktury Zasobów Energii Słonecznej Obszaru Polski Południowej Do Zastosowań Fotowoltaicznych


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The article presents an analysis of the resources and the structure of the solar energy in the area of Southern Poland on the basis of complete meteorological data from the AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow in 2009. An analysis attempt of its use for photovoltaic conversion using different modules with different spectral characteristics of absorbers was made. These latest methods for characterizing the structure of solar energy resources such as: distributions throughout the year: sky clearness or cloudiness indexes, the average values of photon energy (APE) and the contents of the useful fraction (UF) of the solar spectrum, are not yet widely known and used as in Poland and in other EU countries, despite the fact that most accurately determine the spectral matching factor for the chosen photovoltaic module. Due to the need for a very expensive measuring equipment, are used only by a few laboratories in the European Union, such as CREST (Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology) in the UK. The article presents - developed and used in the Opole University - a new low-cost method for determining of the spectrum with the use of above-mentioned indexes, including APE and UF, without buying an expensive spectroradiometer, which gives comparable results.
W artykule przedstawiono analizę zasobów oraz struktury energii słonecznej obszaru Polski Południowej na podstawie pełnych danych meteorologicznych pochodzących z Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej z Krakowa z 2009 r. Podjęto próbę dokonania analizy jego wykorzystania do celów konwersji fotowoltaicznej z wykorzystaniem różnych modułów o różnych charakterystykach spektralnych absorberów. Opisane najnowsze metody charakteryzujące strukturę zasobów energii słonecznej, takie jak rozkłady na przestrzeni całego roku: indeksów czystości nieba lub indeksów zachmurzenia, średnich wartości energii fotonów (APE) oraz zawartość użytecznych frakcji widma promieniowania słonecznego (UF), nie są jeszcze powszechnie znane i stosowane tak w Polsce, jak i w innych krajach UE, mimo że najtrafniej określają dopasowanie czynnika spektralnego do wybranego modułu fotowoltaicznego. Ze względu na konieczność posiadania bardzo drogiej aparatury pomiarowej są stosowane tylko przez nieliczne laboratoria w Unii Europejskiej, takie jak np. CREST (Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology) w Wielkiej Brytanii. W artykule zaprezentowano opracowaną i stosowaną w Uniwersytecie Opolskim nową i tanią metodę określania dopasowania widma z użyciem wskaźników, m.in. APE oraz UF, bez konieczności posiadania drogiego spektroradiometru, która daje porównywalne wyniki pomiarowe









Physical description


1 - 03 - 2013
23 - 02 - 2013


  • Division of Physicochemical Research, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 453 89 76, fax +48 77 455 91 49
  • Department of Automatics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatics, Computer Science and Biomedical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, phone +48 12 617 38 31
  • Institute of Industrial Electrotechnics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czestochowa University of Technology, al. Armii Krajowej 17, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
  • Division of Physicochemical Research, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland, phone +48 77 453 89 76, fax +48 77 455 91 49


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