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Heavy Metals Baseline Concentrations in Soft Tissues of Patella Sp. From the Stratoni Coastal Environment, Ne Greece / Bazowy Poziom Zanieczyszczeń Metalami Ciężkimi W Tkankach Miękkich Patella Sp. Występujących W Przybrzeżnych Obszarach Stratoni, Grecja

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Species of the limpet Patella sp. were collected from a typical control coastal site (Artemida) and a metal contaminated marine environment (Stratoni), situated in Greece. The soft tissues were analyzed for their heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni, Cr) content by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. High Pb, Zn and Cu concentrations were determined in limpet samples from Stratoni, which can be attributed to geological-mineralogical factors due to the natural heavy metal elevated substrate of the broader mineralized area. In contrast, concentrations of Mn, Ni and Cr in both areas are comparable to those reported for other non-polluted geographical regions of the Mediterranean area. Considering the refurbishment of the Stratoni port that will accompany the new large scale mining operations, these results provide a preliminary baseline metal level in these organisms, by which future local changes could be assessed. It is suggested that the species of Pattella sp. are appropriate to be used for biomonitoring research and should be included in routine monitoring programs regarding the Stratoni marine ecosystem. Further studies of metal levels in limpets of Patella sp. from the Stratoni area including the investigation of the possible effects of seasonal changes on metal concentrations and distribution are required.
W celu oceny zanieczyszczenia metalami ciężkimi przybrzeżnych wód morskich Grecji mięczaki z gatunku skałoczepów Patella sp. zostały zebrane na zanieczyszczonym obszarze (Stratoni) oraz w pobliżu typowego miejsca kontrolnego (Artemida). Metodą płomieniowej atomowej spektroskopii absorpcyjnej zbadano stężenia metali ciężkich (Pb, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni i Cr) w tkankach miękkich. Wysokie stężenia Pb, Zn i Cu oznaczono w próbkach skałoczepów ze Stratoni, co może wynikać ze składu geologiczno-mineralogicznego podłoża. W przeciwieństwie do tego, stężenie Mn, Ni i Cr w próbkach zebranych na obu obszarach są porównywalne ze stężeniami opisanymi dla niezanieczyszczonych regionów śródziemnomorskich. Zważywszy na remont portu Stratoni, któremu będą towarzyszyły prace górnicze, wyniki te stanowią wstępną ocenę poziomu zanieczyszczenia metalami tych organizmów, co umożliwia ocenę przyszłych, lokalnych zmian. Przypuszczalnie, gatunki Pattella sp. są odpowiednie do wykorzystania w badaniach biomonitoringowych i powinny zostać uwzględnione w badaniach biomonitoringowych morskiego ekosystemu Stratoni. Wymagane jest prowadzenie dalszych badań zawartości metali w skałoczepach Pattella sp. z obszaru Stratoni oraz ocena sezonowych zmian stężeń i ich rozkładów.
Physical description
1 - 03 - 2013
23 - 02 - 2013
  • Department of Geology and Geoenvironment, University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, Ano Ilissia 157 84, Athens, Greece, phone +03 210 727 48 67
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