Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 1 | 1-10
Article title

Dimerization of 1-butene in liquid phase over H-NK-MM-BEA type embedded mesoporous materials

Title variants
Languages of publication
Dimerization of 1-butene in the liquid phase was studied at relatively mild conditions, 523 K under 20 bar over both microporous and embedded microporous mesoporous catalysts. Embedded catalysts were prepared by introducing Beta zeolite nuclei into the gel synthesis of mesoporous material. Three different embedded catalysts with different acidities were prepared and characterized by XRD, nitrogen adsorption, TEM, SEM, pyridine adsorption desorption and ammonia TPD. The embedded materials were shown to be thermally stable up to 1173 K, containing both micro- and mesopores and uniform pores with regular periodicity. According to ammonia TPD the acidity increased with increasing aluminium content. Due to the relatively low reaction temperature, the highest yields of C8 hydrocarbons, 33 mol% at the conversion level of 81% were achieved over an embedded micro-mesoporous catalyst containing Beta zeolite inside the mesoporous and totally 2.4 wt.% aluminium.
Physical description
10 - 7 - 2012
14 - 5 - 2012
21 - 4 - 2012
  • P. Mäki-Arvela, T. Salmi, B. Holmbom, S. Willför, D. Yu. Murzin, D. Yu., Chem. Rev.111, 5638, 2011.
  • S. Larsson, E. Palmqvist, B. Hahn-Hagerdal, C. Tengborg, K. Stenberg, G. Zacchi, N.-O. Nilvebrant, Enz. Microbiol. Technol. 24 (3-4)151, 1999.
  • J. I. Di Cosimo, V. K. Diez, M. Xu, E. Iglesia, C. R. Apesguia, J. Catal. 178, 499, 1998.
  • Y.-S. Hsu, Y.-L. Wang, A.-N. Ko, J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 56 (2), 32, 2009.
  • F. J. Tzompantzi, M. E. Manriquez, J. M. Padilla, G. Angel Del, R. Gomez, A. Mantilla, Catal. Today, 133-135, 154, 2008.
  • C. T. O'Connor, M. Kojima, M, Catal.- Today, 6, 329, 1990.
  • M. Van Oorshcot, M. J. Makee, J. C. Janssen, W. J. Mortier, US Patent 6008426, 1999.
  • M. Henry, B. Bulut, W. Vermandel, B. Sels, P. Jacobs, D. Minoux, N. Nesteranko, S. Van Donk, J. P. Dath, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 413-414, 62, 2012.
  • J. I. Villegas, N. Kumar, T. Heikkilä, V.-P. Lehto, T. Salmi; D. Yu. Murzin, Topics Catal., 45, 187, 2007.
  • G. G. Podrebarac, F. T. T. Ng, G. L. Rempel, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 147, 159, 1996.
  • D. Kiessling, K. Hagenau, G. Wendt, A. Barth, R. Schoeliner, React. Kin. Catal. Lett., 39, 89, 1989.
  • N. Kumar, P. Mäki-Arvela, T. Yläsalmi, T. Heikkilä, T. Salmi, D. Yu. Murzin, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 147, 127, 2012.
  • A. Matsumoto, H. Chen, K. Tsutsumi, M. Grun, K. Unger, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 32, 55, 1999.
  • P. Rao Madhusudhan, M. V. Landau, A. Wolfson, A. M. Shapira-Tchelet, M. Herskowitz, Micropor. Mesop. Mater., 80, 43, 2005.
  • W. Hua, Y. Yue, Z. Gao, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 170, 195, 2001.
  • R. Chal, C. Gérardin, M. Bulut, S. van Donk, ChemCatChem, 3, 67, 2011.
  • N. Kumar, M. Tiitta, T. Salmi, H. Österholm, WO 2006/070073 A1, 2006.
  • C. T. Kresge, M. E., Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, K. D. Schmitt, J. C.; Vartuli, US patent 5198203, 1993.
  • W. Huang, B. Liu, F. Sun, Z. Zhang, X. Bao, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 94, 254, 2006.
  • C. Zhang, Q. Liu, Z. Xu, K. Wan, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 62, 157, 2003.
  • W. Guo, C. Xiong, L. Huang, Q. Li, J. Mater. Chem., 11 (2001) 1886.
  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. W. Zandbergen, J. C. Jansen, H. van Bekkum, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 6, 287, 1996.
  • K. R. Kloetstra, J. C. Jansen, H. Van Bekkum, Prepr. Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Pet Chem., 41, 412, 1996.
  • S. Tanaka, C. Yuan, Y. Miyake, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 113, 418, 2008.
  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. Van Bekkum, J. C. Jansen, Chem. Comm. 2281, 1997.
  • A. Karlsson, M. Stöcker, R. Schmid, Micropor. Mesopo. Mater., 27, 181, 1999.
  • G. Zhu, S. Qiu, F. Gao, D. Li, R. Wang, B. Gao, B. Li, Y. Guo, R. Xu, Z. Liu, O. Terasaki, J. Mat. Chem., 11, 1687, 2001.
  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. van Bekkum, J. C. Jansen, Chem. Comm., 2281, 1997.
  • H. Österholm, N. Kumar, M. Lindblad, M. Tiitta, T. Salmi, D. Murzin, Micropor. Mesop. Mat., 154, 124, 2012.
  • R. L. Wadlinger, G. T., Kerr, E. J. Rosinski, US patent 3 308 069 (1975), Mobil Oil Corporation.
  • J. S. Beck, J. C. Vartuli, W. J. Roth, M. E. Leonowicz, C. T. Kresge, K. D. Schmitt, C. T. W. Chu, D. H. Olson, E. W. Sheppard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 10834, 1992.
  • C. A. Emeis, J. Catal., 141, 347, 1993.
  • M. B. Ewing, J. C. Sanchex Ochoa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 1543, 2005.
  • S. Wold, Pattern Recog. 8, 127, 1976.
  • J. I. Villegas, D. Kubička, S. P. Reinikainen, G. Addová, R. Kubinec, T. Salmi, D. Yu. Murzin, Talanta, 72, 1573, 2007.
  • HCS Chemistry Ver. 4.0 for Windows. Outokumpu
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.