Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 5 | 4 | 243-248

Article title

Plantar pressure distribution in ice skates while gliding and standing compared to barefoot and trainer conditions


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: The aim of this study was to identify whether there are differences between plantar pressure distributions experienced whilst wearing ice skates during ice-gliding, compared to standing whilst barefoot, wearing trainers and wearing ice skates. The results of this study aim to provide a greater understanding of the distribution of the pressure through the ice skate to the human musculoskeletal system. Material/Methods: Nine female participants were recruited for this study (age 36.6 years ± 15.3, mass 63.7kg ± 7.4 height 1.63m ± 4.1). Pressure applied to the plantar surface of the feet was recorded at 50Hz using an F-Scan sensor. Data was collected for 5 seconds while participants performed an ice glide in their own ice skates. Standing data was collected over the same period of time while participants stood still on a carpeted surface wearing their own ice skates, their own trainers and cotton socks without shoes. For each condition 10 trials of data were collected. Results: The results reported similar peak pressure distributions under the plantar region of the foot for standing and ice gliding while wearing ice skates. Furthermore, the results identified a shift of peak pressure values to the forefoot and midfoot regions whilst wearing ice skates compared to trainers. Conclusions: This research suggests information on plantar pressures during ice gliding may be obtained from standing data in future research and that ice skates may expose the wearer to an increased risk of plantar pressure related injuries in the forefoot/midfoot regions of the feet.










Physical description


1 - 12 - 2013
22 - 01 - 2014


  • School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, UK
  • Faculty of Health, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK
  • Faculty of Health, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK
  • Faculty of Health, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK
  • Division of Sport, Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, UK
  • Faculty of Health, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK


  • 1. Bradley MA. Prevention and treatment of foot and ankle injuries in figure skaters. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2006;5(5):258-61.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 2. Williamson DM, Lowdon IM. Ice-skating injuries.Injury. 1986;17(3):205-7.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 3. Ferrara CM, Hollingsworth E. Physical characteristics and incidence of injuries in adult figure skaters. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2007;2(3):282-91.[PubMed]
  • 4. Dubravcic-Simunjak S, Pecina M, Kuipers H, Moran J, Haspl M. The incidence of injuries in elite junior figure skaters. Am J Sports Med. 2003;31(4):511-7.
  • 5. Kelly AKW, Hame SL. Managing stress fractures in athletes. J Musculoskel Med. 2010;27(12):480-486.
  • 6. Ghani Zadeh Hesar N, Van Ginckel A, Cools A, et al. A prospective study on gait-related intrinsic risk factors for lower leg overuse injuries. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(13):1057-61.[Crossref]
  • 7. Hennig EM, Milani TL. In-Shoe Pressure Distribution for Running in Various Types of Footwear. J Appl Biomech. 1995;11:299-310.
  • 8. Freeman DB. Corns and calluses resulting from mechanical hyperkeratosis. Am Fam Physician. 2002;65(11):2277-80.[PubMed]
  • 9. Guldemond NA, Leffers P, Walenkamp GH, et al. Prediction of peak pressure from clinical and radiological measurements in patients with diabetes. BMC Endocr Disord. 2008;8:16.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 10. Yung-Hui L, Wei-Hsien H. Effects of shoe inserts and heel height on foot pressure, impact force, and perceived comfort during walking. Appl Ergon. 2005;36(3):355-62.[Crossref]
  • 11. Wiegerinck JI, Boyd J, Yoder JC, Abbey AN, Nunley JA, Queen RM. Differences in plantar loading between training shoes and racing flats at a self-selected running speed. Gait & Posture. 2009;29(3):514-519.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 12. Ramanathan AK, John MC, Arnold GP, Cochrane LA, Abboud RJ. Off-the-shelf in-shoe heel inserts Does cost matter? Br J Sports Med. 2008;42(9).[Crossref][WoS]
  • 13. Ford K, Stern J, Morin C. In-skate pressure distribution differences with a custom molded orthotic. In: XVIIth Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. Canmore Canada; 1999.
  • 14. Lockwood KL, Gervais PL. Impact forces upon landing single, double, and triple revolution jumps in figure skaters.Clin Biomech. 1997;12(3):S11-S11.[Crossref]
  • 15. Chen H, Nigg BM, Hulliger M, de Koning J. Influence of sensory input on plantar pressure distribution. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 1995;10(5):271-274.[Crossref]
  • 16. Bates BT, Dufek JS, Davis HP. The effect of trial size on statistical power. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 1992;24(9):1059-1065.
  • 17. Cavanagh PR, Rodgers MM, Iiboshi A. Pressure distribution under symptom-free feet during barefoot standing. Foot Ankle 1987;7(5):262-76.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 18. Aharonson Z, Voloshin A, Steinbach TV, Brull MA, Farine I. Normal foot--ground pressure pattern in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980(150):220-3.
  • 19. Snow RE, Williams KR, Holmes GB, Jr., The effects of wearing high heeled shoes on pedal pressure in women. Foot Ankle. 1992;13(2):85-92.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 20. Mandato M, Nester E, The effects of increasing heel height on forefoot peak pressure. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1999;89(2):75-80.[PubMed]
  • 21. Orlin MN, McPoil TG. Plantar pressure assessment. Phys Ther. 2000;80(4):399-409.[PubMed]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.