Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 5 | 3 | 184-190

Article title

Differences in bioelectrical activity of quadriceps muscle during various types of contraction


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: The aim of the study was to estimate differences in bioelectrical activity between rectus femoris (RF) and vastus medialis (VM) muscles of each lower limb. Material/Methods: 29 female and 18 male adult subjects participated in the study. Each subject performed the following quadriceps contractions with each lower limb: concentric, isometric, eccentric and 30-sec. long maximal voluntary isometric contraction. 3 parameters were obtained in surface electromyography (SEMG): mean RMS amplitude (RMS), mean percentage value of maximal voluntary contraction (%MVC) and mean frequency (MF). Results: RF occurred to have a lower percentage activity (-28.43%) and absolute amplitude (- 36.57%) value than VM during all three basic forms of contraction against gravity. Except the RMS values for concentric contraction, all the mentioned parameters were significantly different. In contrast, RF had a higher MF rate than VM. Differences were at the mean level of 22.57% for all activities. Conclusions: There are no differences in SEMG of quadriceps muscle between both lower limbs. VM and RF differ from each other in RMS, %MVC and MF during all types of studied contractions.









Physical description


1 - 10 - 2013
20 - 10 - 2013


  • Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nikolaus Copernicus University, Chair and Dep. of Laserotherapy and Physiotherapy, Poland
  • Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nikolaus Copernicus University, Chair and Dep. of Laserotherapy and Physiotherapy, Poland
  • Institute of Physical Culture, Dep. of Biomedical Fundamentals of Physical Culture, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland


  • 1. Dreibati B, Lavet C, Pinti A, Poumarat G. Influence of electrical stimulation frequency on skeletal muscle and fatigue. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2010;53:266-277.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 2. Wong YM, Ng G. Resistance training alters the sensimotor control of vasti muscles. J Electromyogr Kines. 2010;20:180-184.[Crossref]
  • 3. Callaghan MJ, McCarthy CJ, Oldham JA. Elecromyographic fatique characteristics of the quadriceps in patellofemoral pain syndrome. Manual Ther. 2001;6(1):27-33.[Crossref]
  • 4. McHugh MP, Tyler TF, Nicholas SJ, Browne MG, Gleim GW. Electromyographic Analysis of Quadriceps Fatigue After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2001;31(1):25-32.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 5. Drechsler WI, Cramp MC, Scott OM. Changes in muscle strength and EMG median frequency after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2006; 98:613-623.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 6. Wong YM. Recording the vastii muscle onset timing as a diagnostic parameter for patellofemoral pain syndrome: Fact or fad? Phys Ther Sport. 2009;10:71-74.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • 7. Gondin J, Guette M, Ballay Y, Martin A. Electrostimulation Training Effects on Neural Drive and Muscle Architecture. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2005;37(8):1291-1299[Crossref]
  • 8. Gollnick PD, Armstrong RB, Saubert CW, Piehl K, Saltin B. Enzyme activity and fibre composition in skeletal muscle of untrained and trained men. J Appl Physiol. 1972;33(3):312-319.
  • 9. Travnik L, Pernuš F, Eržen I. Histochemical and morphometric characteristics of the normal human vastus medialis longus and vastus medialis obliquus muscles. J Anat. 1995;187:403-411.[PubMed]
  • 10. Freriks B, Hermens HJ, Disselhorst-Klug C, Rau G. The Recommendations for Sensors and Sensor Placement Procedures for Surface ElectroMyoGraphy. In: European Recommendations for Surface ElectroMyoGraphy, results of the SENIAM project. Enschede, the Netherlands: Roessingh Research and Development; 1999, 13-25.
  • 11. Beltman JGM, Sargeant AJ, van Mechelen W, De Haan A. Voluntary activation level and muscle fiber recruitment of human quadriceps during lengthening contractions. J Appl Physiol. 2004;97:619-626.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 12. De Ruiter CJ, Kooistra RD, Paalman MI, de Haan A. Initial phase of maximal voluntary and electrically stimulated knee extension torque development at different knee angles. J Appl Physiol. 2004;97:1693-1701.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 13. Altenburg TM, De Haan A, Verdijk PW, Van Mechelen W, De Ruiter CJ. Vastus lateralis single motor unit EMG at the same absolute torque production at different knee angles. J Appl Physiol. 2009;107:80-89.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • 14. Carpes FP, Diedenthaeler F, Bini RR, Stefanyshyn D, Faria IE, Mota CB. Does leg preference affect muscle activation and efficiency? J Electromyogr Kines. 2010;20:1230-1236.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 15. Skwarcz A, Fatyga M, Majcher P. Młodziencza kifoza piersiowa tzw. choroba Scheuermanna [Youthful thoracic kyphosis, so-called Scheuermann's disease]. In: Kwolek A, editor. Rehabilitacja Medyczna, t. II, Rehabilitacja kliniczna [Medical Rehabilitation, Volume II, Clinical rehabilitation]. Wroclaw: Wyd. Medyczne Urban & Partner; 2003, 156-183. Polish.
  • 16. Nowotny J. Podstawy fizjoterapii. Czesc I. Podstawy teoretyczne i wybrane aspekty praktyczne. Podrecznik dla studentow fizjoterapii i fizjoterapeutow [Fundamentals of Physiotherapy part I. Theoretical basis and selected practical aspects. Manual for physiotherapy students and physiotherapists]. Krakow: Wyd. Kasper; 2004, 41-45. Polish
  • 17. Pincivero DM, Campy RM, Salfetnikov Y, Bright A, Coelho AJ. Influence of contraction intensity, muscle, and gender on median frequency of the quadriceps femoris. J Appl Physiol. 2001;90 804-810.[PubMed]
  • 18. Pincivero DM, Coelho AJ, Campy RM, Salfetnikov Y, Bright A. The effects of voluntary contraction effort on quadriceps femoris electromyogram median frequency in humans: a muscle and sex comparison. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2002;87:448-455.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 19. Pincivero DM, Gandhi V, Timmons MK, Coelho AJ. Quadriceps femoris electromyogram during concentric, isometric and eccentric phases of fatiguing dynamic knee extensions. J Biomech. 2006;39:246-254.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 20. Kupa E. J, Roy SH, Kandarian SC, de Luca CJ. Effects of muscle fiber type and size on EMG median frequency and conduction velocity. J Appl Physiol. 1995;79(1):23-32.
  • 21. Gorski J. Podstawy fizjologii wysilku [Fundamentals of exercise physiology]. In: Gorski J, editor. Fizjologia wysilku i treningu fizycznego [Physiology of exercise and physical training]. Warszawa: PZWL; 2011, 15-83. Polish
  • 22. Cifrek M, Medved V, Tonkovic S, Ostojic S. Surface EMG based muscle fatigue evaluation in biomechanics. Clin Biomech. 2009;24:327-340.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 23. Enoka RM. Muscle fatigue - from motor units to clinical symptoms. J Biomech. 2012;45:427-433.[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • 24. Bowyer D, Armstrong M, Dixon J, Smith TO. The vastus medialis oblique: vastus lateralis electromyographic intensity radio does not differ by gender in young participants without knee pathology. Physiotherapy. 2008;84:168-173. [Crossref][WoS]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.