Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 5 | 2 | 132-140

Article title

Functional conditions of three-dimensional correction of side curvatures of the spine


Title variants

Languages of publication



Background: This paper sets out to present theoretical and methodological premises for the therapeutic mode of conduct which utilizes FED and PNF improvement methods complemented by introduction of correctional re-education basing on the biofeedback mechanism.Material/Methods: Authors develop and present an original mode of treatment of children with the SCS, which can be divided into the following stages and targets: 1. Elimination of biomechanical pathologies of the passive stabilizing. 2. Restoration of the structure and function of local muscles and balance among muscles from the first and second reference arrangement and structures around the spine, both on the concave and convex side. 3. Posture re-education, which consists in the combination of three-dimensional active and passive correction of the spine with proprioceptor stimulation techniques, accompanied by the use of replacement feedback. In order to implement the proposed treatment programme a device called “Skol-as” was built. “Skol-as” enables a simultaneous three-dimensional action on the passive and active stabilizing mechanisms and the functional structures of the Central Nervous System.Results: Exchanged information constitutes a replacement feedback which enables additional transfer of information on the position of the body to the CNS. Therefore, this constitutes a particular complement to the proper proprioception stimulated by the structure and functionality of the “Skol-as” device, which provides exteroceptive stimuli offering the image similar to the correct, spatial layout of the body.Conclusions: The suggested method - which accommodates the latest trends in SCS treatment - may and should be applied practically at each stage of scs development. This gives both the child and the parents or the therapist anopportunity to control the improvement process. Appropriate application of the suggested method and the “Skol-as” device offers children efficient self-control of their posture, which is much easier after the application of appropriate training suggested in the method. This therapy enables not only the strengthening and changing the functioning scope of relevant muscles but also affects the mental perception and feeling of muscle tensions which leads to proper self-image and appropriate control of bodily posture.









Physical description


1 - 06 - 2013
28 - 06 - 2013


  • Olsztyńska Szkoła Wyższa im. Józefa Rusieckiego, ul. Bydgoska 33, 10-243 Olsztyn
  • Jozef Rusiecki Olsztyn University College, Department of Physiotherapy, Poland, Phone: +48 605-418-224
  • Seaside Medical Center Gdansk, Poland


  • 1. Sastre FS. Metoda leczenia skolioz, kifoz i lordoz [Methods of treatment in scoliosis, lordosis and kyphosis]. Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski: Markmed Rehabilitacja S.C.; 2008. Polish.
  • 2. Sipko T, Skolimowski T, Mraz M, Demczuk-Wlodarczyk E. Zastosowanie metody PNF w zaburzeniach zrownowazenia postawy osob ze skolioza idiopatyczna [Application of the PNF method in the body posture disorder in persons suffering from idiopatoc scoliosis]. Fizjoterapia. 2006;14(2):42-50. Polish.
  • 3. Bialek M. PNF w leczeniu skolioz - doswiadczenia własne [PNF in scoliosis treatment - own experience]. Fizjoterapia Polska. 2001;3(1):331-333. Polish.
  • 4. Richardson C. Kinezyterapia w stabilizacji kompleksu ledzwiowo-miednicznego [Kinezytherapy in lumbar- pelvis complex stabilisation]. Wrocław: Elsevier Urban&Partner; 2009. Polish.
  • 5. Zetterberg C, Aninssos A, Grimby G. Morphology of the paravertebral muscles in adolescent idiopatic scoliosis. Spine. 1983;8:457-462.[Crossref]
  • 6. Tylman D. Patomechanika bocznych skrzywien kregoslupa [Pathomechanics of side curvature of the spine]. Warszawa: Sewerus; 1995. Polish.
  • 7. Horst R. Trening strategii motorycznych i PNF [Training in motor strategies and PNF]. Kraków: TOP SCHOOL; 2010. Polish.
  • 8. Kanemura N, Kobayashi R, Kajihara H. Changes of mechanoreceptor in anterior cruciate ligemant with hindi limb suspension rats. J Phys Ther Sci. 2002;14:27-32.[Crossref]
  • 9. Stolarz A, Suchanowski A. Korekcja bocznych skrzywien kregoslupa [Correction of side curvature of the spine]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2011. Polish.
  • 10. Nowotny J. Cwiczenia oparte o zastępcze sprzęzenie zwrotne w reedukacji posturalnej [Replacementfeedback- based exercises in postural re-education]. Postępy Rehabilitacji. 1988;2(2):97-110. Polish
  • 11. Nowotny-Czupryna O, Nowotny J, Brzek A, Kowalczyk B. Postawa ciała a siła miesni posturalnych tulowia dzieci i młodziezy z bocznym skrzywieniem kregoslupa [Body posture and the strength of postural muscles of the torso in children and youth with scoliosis]. Fizjoterapia. 2006;14:15-23. Polish.
  • 12. Ociepka R, Wagner GT. Leczenie skolioz. System aktywnej korekcji idiopatycznych skrzywien bocznych kregoslupa [Scoliosis treatment. System of an active correction in side curvature of the spine] Łódź; 2008. Polish
  • 13. Hides J, Richardson, Jull G. Multifidus muscles recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, firstepisode low back pain. Spine. 1996;21:2763-2769.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 14. Mc Gill SM. Poprawianie skutecznosci cwiczeń fizycznych stosowanych w bolach krzyza [Efficiency improvement of physical exercises applied in lumbar pain]. Rehabilitacja Medyczna. 1999;3(4):44-59. Polish.
  • 15. Hides J, Jull G, Richardson C. Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first-episode low back pain. Spine 2001;26:E243-248.[Crossref]
  • 16. Dobosiewicz K. Boczne idiopatyczne skrzywienie kregoslupa [Idiopatic side curvature of the spine]. Katowice: Wydawnictwo S.A.M. 1997. Polish.
  • 17. Malawski S. Własne zasady leczenia skolioz niskostopniowych w swietle wspolczesnych pogladow na etiologie i patomechanike powstawania skolioz [Own rules of treatment in small-degree scoliosis in light of contemporary views on etiology and pathomechanics of scoliosis]. Chirurgia Narzadu Ruchu i Ortopedia Polska 1994;3:189. Polish
  • 18. Wejsflog G, Wejsflog A. Zasady leczenia bocznych skrzywien kregoslupa gimnastyka korekcyjna [Rules of scoliosis treatment by means of correctional exercise]. In: Wejsflog G, ed. Metody usprawniania leczniczego w wadach, schorzeniach i urazach kregoslupa [Methods of treatment improvement in failures, diseases and injuries of the spine]. Katowice: PTWzK; 1969. Polish.
  • 19. Guyton AC. Textbook of medical physiology, 6th ed. Philadelphia P.A.: Sauderns; 1981.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.