Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2014 | 6 | 1 |

Article title

Cardio-pulmonary fitness and anthropometric features in men aged 50+ trained in long-distance running and those not trained


Title variants

Languages of publication



Study aim: the aim of study was assessment somatic features and selected cardio-ventilatory indices in men above 50 years old with different physical activity levels.Materials and methods: the study included 55 men on average aged 54.5 ± 4.32, classified to the trained group (T), n = 33, and not trained group (NT), n = 22. Total physical activity was assessed using the SDPAR Questionnaire. Measurements: anthropometric indices, ventilatory indices and VO2 peak, hemodynamic indices and fatigue using Borg scale during exercise maximal test.Results: daily energy expenditures for sport and recreation differ significantly between T and NT groups, 6.82 METs vs. 0.2 METs, respectively (p < 0.001). Men in T and NT groups significantly differ in somatic features, and cardio-pulmonary indices including: time of physical tests effort (s) 1103 ± 193 vs. 681 ± 328; max speed (km/h) 14 ± 1.5 vs. 10 ± 1.4, VE peak 135.9 ± 21.17 l/min vs. 112.9 ± 21.49 l/min; VO2 peak 61.8 ± 8.83 ml/kg/min vs. 41.9 ± 8.55 ml/kg/min; HR rest (beat/min) 69 ± 16.95 vs. 83 ± 14.48; HR peak (beat/min) 171 ± 1.23 vs. 163 ± 15.28; SV peak (ml) 162 ± 24.23 vs. 135 ± 33.22; CO peak 27.4 ± 4,3 vs. 21.6 ± 5.17.Conclusions: men aged 50+ who practice running training differ favourably and significantly from men not trained in anthropometric as well as cardio-ventilatory indices. Significant correlations were found between DEE and FAT(%), VO2 peak (ml/kg/min), SV peak (ml) and COpeak (l/min) as well between CO peak and VO2peak was record linear relationship (r = 0.56).







Physical description


11 - 12 - 2014


  • Department of Biomedical Science, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Poland
  • Department of Biomedical Science, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Poland
  • Department of Biomedical Science, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Poland
  • Department of Biomedical Science, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Poland
  • Department of Biomedical Science, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Poland


  • 1. American College of Sports Medicine. (2011) Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 43(7): 1334–1359.
  • 2. Arena R., Myers J., Williams M.A., Gulati M., Kligfield P., Balady G.J., Collins E., Fletcher G. (2007) Assessment of Functional Capacity in Clinical and Research Settings: A Scientific and Prevention of the Council on Clinical Cardiology and the Council on Cardiovascular. Statement From the American Heart Association Committee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention of the Council on Clinical Cardiology and the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation., 116: 329-343.
  • 3. Ashwell M., Hsieh S.D. (2005) Six reasons why the waist-to-hip ratio is rapid and effective global indicator for health risk of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity. Int. J. Food. Sci. Nutr., 65(3): 287-292.
  • 4. Biela U., Pająk A., Kaczmarczyk-Chałas K., Głuszek J., Tendera M., Waśkiewicz A., et al. (2005) Frequency of occurrence overweight and obesity in women and men in age 20–74. WOBASZ Programme Results. Kardiol. Pol., 63(6; supl. 4): S1–S4.
  • 5. Blair S.N. (2009) Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br. J. Sports Med., 43(1): 1–2.
  • 6. Cornelissen V.A., Goetschalckx K., Verheyden B., Aubert A.E., Arnout J., Persu A., Rademakers F., Fagard R.H. (2011) Effect of endurance training on blood pressure regulation, biomarkers and the heart in subjects at a higher age. Scand J Med Sci Sports., 21(4): 526-534.
  • 7. Daussin F.N., Ponsot E., Stephane C., Dufour S.P., Lonsdorfer-Wolf E., Doutreleau S., et al. (2007) Improvement of VO2 max; by cardiac output and oxygen extraction adaptation during intermittent versus continuous endurance training. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., DOI 10.1007/s00421-007-0499-3[Crossref]
  • 8. Drygas W. (2008) Physical activity in healthy persons. Polish Forum Prophylaxis of Cardiovascular Diseases. 3(12): 1-8.
  • 9. Ekblom–Bak E., Hellénius M.L., Ekblom O., Engström L.M., Ekblom B. (2010) Independent associations of physical activity and cardiovascular fitness with cardiovascular risk in adults. Eur. J. Cardiovasc. Prev. Rehabil., 17(2): 175-180.
  • 10. Ekelund U., Brage S., Franks P.W., Hennings S., Emms S., Wareham N.J. (2005) Physical activity energy expenditure predicts changes in body composition in middle–aged healthy whites: effect modification by age. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 81(5): 964-969.
  • 11. Eurobarometr 2010. Sport and physical activity. http://www.msport.gov.pl/article/1
  • 12. European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. (2003) Eur. J. Cardiovasc. Prev. Rehab., 10(suppl. 1): S1–S78
  • 13. Fletcher G.F., Philip A., Kligfield A.P., Arena R., Balady G.J., Vera A., Bittner V.A., et al. (2013) Exercise Standards for Testing and Training A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association, Circulation, 128: 873-934.
  • 14. Gill J.M. ( 2007) Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and insulin resistance: a short update. Curr. Opin. Lipidol., 18(1): 47-52.
  • 15. Gulsvik A.K., Thelle D.S., Samuelsen S.O., Myrstad M., Mowé M., Wyller T.B. (2012) Aging, physical activity and mortality – a 42-year follow-up study. Int. J. Epidemiol., 41(2): 521-530.
  • 16. Hakola L., Komulainen P., Hassinen M., Savonen K., Litmanen H., Lakka T.A., Rauramaa R. ( 2011) Cardiorespiratory fitness in aging men and women: the DR’s EXTRA study. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports, (5): 679-687.
  • 17. Haskell W.L., Lee I.M., Pate R.R., Powell K.E., Blair S.N., Franklin B.A., et al. (2007) Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med. Sci. Sports. Exerc., 39: 1423-1434.
  • 18. Hawkins S.A., Wiswell R.A. (2003) Rate and mechanism of maximal oxygen consumption decline with aging. Implications for exercise training. Sports Med., 33(12): 877-888.
  • 19. Huxley R., Mendis S., Zheleznyakov E., Reddy S., Chan J. ( 2010) Body mass index, waist circumference and waist: hip ratio as predictors of cardiovascular risk–a review of the literature. Eur. J. Clin Nutr., 64(1): 16-22.
  • 20. Islam MM., Takeshima N., Rogers ME., Koizumi D., Brechue WF., Tanak K. (2005) A Comparison of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Blood Lipid Profile among Inactive People, Walkers and Runners in Elderly Japanese Men. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science (AJESS); http://js.sagamorepub.com/ajess/article/view/2501
  • 21. Kemi O.J., Wisloff U. (2010) High-intensity aerobic exercise training improves the heart in health and disease. J. Cardiopulm. Rehabil. Prev., 30: 2-11.
  • 22. Laursen P.B. (2010) Training for intense exercise performance: high-intensity or high-volume training? Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports., 20(Suppl. 2): 1-10.
  • 23. Manini, T.M., Everhart, J.E., Patel, K.V., Schoeller, D.A., Colbert, L.H., Visser, M., Harris, T.B. (2006) Daily activity energy expenditure and mortality among older adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296(2): 171–179.
  • 24. Mc Ardle W.D., Katch F.I., Katch V.L. (2010) Exercise physiology. Baltimore. Functional capacity of the cardiovascular system. 340-351.
  • 25. Mitchell T., Barlow C.E. (2011). Review of the role of exercise in improving quality of life in healthy individuals and in those with chronic diseases. Current Sports Medicine Reports., 10(4): 211-216.
  • 26. McLaren P.F., Nurhayati Y., Boutcher S.H. (1997) Stroke volume response to cycle ergometry in trained and untreained older men. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 75: 537-542.
  • 27. Nybo L., Sundstrup E., Jakobsen M.D., Mohr M., Hornstrup T., Simonsen L., et al.( 2010) High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health. Med. Sci. Sports. Exerc., 42: 1951-1958.
  • 28. Pikhart H., Bobak M., Malyutina S., Pajak A., Kubinova R., Marmot M. (2007) Obesity and education in three countries of the Central and Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Cent. Eur. J. Public. Health, 15(4): 140-142.
  • 29. Ruddy R., Lonsdorfer-Wolf E., Charloux A., Doutreleau S., Buchheit M., Oswald-Mammosser M., et al. (2001) Non-invasive Cardiac Output Evaluation during a Maximal Progressive Exercise Test, Using a New Impedance Cardiograph Device. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 85: 202-207.
  • 30. Sassen B., Cornelissen V., Kiers H., Wittink H., Kok G.J., Vanhees L. (2009) Physical fitness matters more than physical activity in controlling cardiovascular disease risk factors. Eur. J. Cardiovasc. Prev. Rehabil., 16(6): 667-683.
  • 31. Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall. (1997) Supplement to Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(6): S89–S103.
  • 32. Tordi N., Mourot L.B., Matusheski B., Hughson R.L. (2004) Measurements of Cardiac Output during Constant Exercises: Comparison of Two Non-Invasive Techniques. Int. J. Sports Med., 25: 145-149.
  • 33. Welsman J., Bywater K., Farr C., Welford D., Armstrong N. ( 2005) Reliability of Peak VO2 and Maximal Cardiac Output Assessed using Thoracic Bioimpedance in Children. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 94(3): 228-234.
  • 34. WHO. (2010) Global recommendations of physical activity for health. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/global-PA-recs-2010.pdf
  • 35. Woodcock J., Franco O.H., Orsini N., Roberts I. (2011) Non-vigorous physical activity and all-cause mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Int. J. Epidemiol., 40: 121-138.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.