Evaluation of selected postural parameters in children who practice kyokushin karate
Languages of publication
Study aim: martial arts can be traced back thousands of years. Karate is one of the most common martial arts, and both children and adults practice it. The aim of the study was to evaluate selected body posture parameters in children aged 7–10 years who regularly practice karate. Material and method: the study population (Group I) consisted of 50 children aged 7–10 years, mean age 8.1 ± 1.5 years, who had been practicing karate more than two years. The control group consisted of 50 children of the same age (Group II). Body posture was assessed with photogrammetric method based on the phenomenon of the projective moiré pattern, using CQ Elektronik equipment. Results: on the basis of analysis of the inclination of the thoracolumbar section of the spine in both the study population and the control group, a statistically significant difference was found. Analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between the SIT parameter measurements of the two groups (p < 0.05). There is a similar difference regarding the measurements of depth of thoracic kyphosis and depth of lumbar lordosis (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). Analysis also revealed a statistically significant difference between the mean shoulder line inclination angle parameter measurements for the two groups of children (p < 0.01). Conclusion: karate training children had a significant deepening of physiological thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis. The body posture in karate training children is characterised by a greater angle of thoracolumbar region and a smaller shoulder asymmetry.
2 - 10 - 2014
- 1. Arriaza R. (2009) Karate. In: Kordi R., Maffuli N., Wroble R.R., Wallace W.A., editors. Combat Sports Medicine. London, Springer: 289.
- 2. Bajorek W., Czarny P., Król M., Rzepko G., Sobo A., Litwiniuk A. (2011) Assessment of postural stability in traditional karate contestants. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts, 1(2); 2: 23-29.
- 3. Barczyk-Pawelec K., Bańkosz Z., Derlich M. (2012) Body postures and asymmetries in frontal and transverse planes in the trunk area in table tennis players. Biol. Sport, 29: 129-1344. Cynarski W. (2000) Philosophy of martial arts. Ontology and axiology Asian martial arts. Ido Movement for Culture, 1: 54-85.[WoS]
- 5. Drzał-Grabiec J., Rykała J., Podgórska J., Truszczyńska A. (2014) The influence of elongation exercises on the anterior-posterior spine curvatures. Biomed. Hum. Kinetics, 6(1): 1–4.
- 6. Drzał-Grabiec J., Snela S. (2012) The influence of rural environment on body posture. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med., 19(4): 846-850.
- 7. Filingeri D., Bianco A., Zangla D., Paoli A., Palma A. Is karate effective in improving postural control? Arch. Budo., 8(4): 203-206.[WoS]
- 8. Fugiel J., Sławińska T. (2012) Body posture in children early involved in sports. Antropomotoryka, 21(53): 79.
- 9. Gauthier J. (2009) Ethical and social issues in combat sports: should combat sports be banned? In: Kordi R., Maffuli N., Wroble R.R., Wallace W.A., editors. Combat Sports Medicine, London, Springer: 74.
- 10. Grabara M. (2014) A comparison of the posture between young female handball players and non-training peers. J. Back Musculoskelet. Rehabil., 27: 85–92.[WoS]
- 11. Grabara M. (2010) Postural variables in girls practicing sport gymnastic. Biomed. Hum. Kinetics, 2: 74-77.
- 12. Grabara M., Hadzik A. (2009) The Body posture in young athletes compared to their peers. Polish J. Sports Med., 25(2): 115-124.
- 13. Lopez-Minarro P.A., Alacid F., Rodriguez-Garcia P.L. (2010) Comparison of sagittal spinal curvatures and hamstring muscle extensibility among young elite paddlers and non-athletes. Int. Sport Med. J., 11(2): 301-12.
- 14. Maćkowiak Z., Wiernicka M. (2010) Body posture in girls aged 13-18 involved in synchronized swimming. Polish J. Sports Med., 26(3): 115-22.
- 15. Muyor J.M., Lopez-Minarro P.A., Casimiro A.J., Alacid F. (2012) Sagittal spinal curvatures and pelvic tilt in cyclists: A comparison between two master cyclist categories. Int. Sport Med. J., 13(3): 122-132.
- 16. Tabor P., Olszewska E., Trzcińska D., Madej A., Ostrowska E., Iwańska D., Mastalerz A., Urbanik C. (2012) Posture and power of quorums muscles of young volleyball players. Polish J. Sports Med., 28 (1): 27-37.
- 17. Wojtys E.M., Ashton-Miller J.A., Huston L.J., Moga P.J. (2000) The association between athletic training time and the sagittal curvature of the immature spine. Am. J. Sport Med., 28(4): 490-8.
- 18. Woodward T. (2009) A review of the effects of martial arts practice on health. WWMJ, 108(1): 40-3.[PubMed]
- 19. Zetaruk M. (2009) Children in combat sports. In: Kordi R., Maffuli N., Wroble R.R., Wallace W.A., editors. Combat Sports Medicine, London, Springer: 151.
- 20. Żurek G., Błach W., Ignasiak Z., Migasiewicz J. (2005) The assessment of body posture in judoists in light of photogrammetric method and moire phenomenon. Polish J. Sport Med., 21(4): 303-307.
Publication order reference