A perianal fistula is a pathological canal covered by granulation tissue connecting the anal canal and perianal area epidermis. The above-mentioned problem is the reason for the patient to visit the surgeonproctologist. Unfortunately, the disease is characterized by a high recurrence rate, even despite proper management.The aim of the study was to determine the current condition of perianal fistula treatment methods in everyday surgical practice, considering members of the Society of Polish Surgeons. Material and methods. 1523 members of the Society of Polish Surgeons received an anonymous questionnaire comprising 15 questions regarding perianal fistula treatment in everyday practice.Results. Results were obtained from 807 (53%) members. After receiving answers, questionnaire results were collected, analysed, and presented in a descriptive form.Conclusions. Study results showed that most Polish surgeons choose the fistulectomy/fistulotomy method. Considering treatment of perianal fistulas the most important issue is to find the correct, primary fistula canal. Further methods should be individually selected for each patient. One should also remember that every fistula is different. Surgical departments that operate a small number of perianal fistulas should direct such patients to reference centers.