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2015 | 17 | 3 | 47-51
Article title

Studies on Thermal Degradation Behavior of Siliceous Agriculture Waste (Rice Husk, Wheat Husk and Bagasse)

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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Various siliceous agriculture waste (SAW) such as rice husk, wheat husk and bagasse have been investigated to study their thermal degradation behavior using Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) technique. The focus of this research is to conduct TGA of raw and acid treated (20% HCl & 1M H2SO4) SAW at heating rate 10°C/min in the atmosphere of nitrogen. The results were analyzed on the basis of thermograms and it was inferred that 24 hours soaking with 20% HCl prior to thermal degradation enhanced the percent weight loss. The process also improved the percentage of residual weight of SAW indicating the extraction of amorphous silica with increased purity. The effect of acid treatment was verified by determining chemical composition of SAW samples before and after soaking with 20% HCl. Proximate analysis, thermal degradation temperature ranges and percentage of residual weight at 800°C for each of rice husk, wheat husk and bagasse were also quantified to observe the thermal degradation behavior. XRF analysis was performed to observe the effect of acid treatment for extraction of pure silica.
Publisher

Year
Volume
17
Issue
3
Pages
47-51
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 9 - 2015
online
19 - 9 - 2015
Contributors
author
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, 54890
author
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, 54890, umairaslam6822@gmail.com
author
  • Department of Chemical, Polymer and Materials Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology (Kala Shah Kaku Campus), Lahore, Pakistan, 54890
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, 54890
author
  • Department of Chemical, Polymer and Materials Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology (Kala Shah Kaku Campus), Lahore, Pakistan, 54890
author
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, 54890
References
  • 1. Lee, D., Owens, V.N., Boe, A. & Jeranyama, P. (2007). Composition of Herbaceous Biomass Feedstock, South Dakota State University, Brookings, p. 6–7.
  • 2. Bhutto, A.W., Bazmi, A.A. & Zahedi, G. (2011). Greener energy: Issues and challenges for Pakistan-Biomass energy prospective. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 15, 3207–3219. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.04.015.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 3. Bronzeoak Ltd, “Rice Husk Ash Market Study” Etsu/00/00061/Repot Dti/Pub Urn 03/668.
  • 4. Krishnarao, R.V., Subrahmanyam, J. & Kumar, T.J. (2001). Studies on the Formation of Black Particles in Rice Husk Silica Ash. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 21, 99–104. DOI: 10.1016/S0955-2219(00)00170-9.[Crossref]
  • 5. Chandrasekhar, S., Pramada, P.N. & Praven, L. (2005). Effect of Organic Acid Treatment on the Properties of Rice Husk Silica. J. Mater. Sci. 40, 6535–6544. DOI: 10.1007/s10853-005-1816-z.[Crossref]
  • 6. Shinohara, Y. & Kohyama, N. (2004). Quantitative Analysis of Tridymite and Cristobalite Crystallized in Rice Husk Ash by Heating. Ind. Health. 42, 277–285. DOI: 10.2486/indhealth.42.277.[Crossref]
  • 7. Yalcin, N. & Sevinc, V. (2001). Studies on Silica Obtained from Rice Husk. Ceram. Int. 27, 219–224. DOI: 10.1016/S0272-8842(00)00068-7.[Crossref]
  • 8. Umeda, J. & Kondoh, K. (2010). High Purification of Amorphous Silica Originated from Rice Husks by Combination of Polysaccharide Hydrolysis and Metallic Impurities Removal. Ind. Crop. Prod. 32, 539–544. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.07.002.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 9. Orton, “Thermogravimetric Analysis”, Retrieved from .
  • 10. Aboyade, A.O., Hugo, T.J., Carrier, M., Meyer, E.L., Stahl, R., Knoetze, J.H. & Gorgens, J.F. (2011). Non-Isothermal Kinetic Analysis of the Devolatilization of Corn Cobs And Sugar Cane Bagasse in an Inert Atmosphere. Thermochim. Acta 517, 81–89. DOI: 10.1016/j.tca.2011.01.035[WoS][Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pjct-2015-0049
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