Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 17 | 2 | 119-125

Article title

Thermodynamic analysis of medium pressure reciprocating natural gas expansion engines


Title variants

Languages of publication



Natural gas pressure has to be reduced from medium pressure of 1.724 MPa (250 psia) to lower pressure of 0.414 MPa (60 psia) at Town Border pressure reduction Station (TBS). Currently, the pressure reduction is carried out by throttling valves while considerable amount of pressure energy is wasted. One of the equipment which could be used to recover this waste energy is the reciprocating expansion engine. The purpose of this research is to simulate one-sided reciprocating expansion engine thermodynamically for TBS pressure range. The simulation is based on first law of thermodynamics, conversation of mass and ideal gas assumptions. The model could predict in-cylinder pressure and in-cylinder temperature at various crank angles. In addition, the effects of the engine geometrical characteristics, such as intake and exhaust port area and ports timing on the Indicated work per cycle output are investigated.









Physical description


1 - 6 - 2015
9 - 6 - 2015


  • Shahrood University of Technology, The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood, Iran
  • Shahrood University of Technology, The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood, Iran
  • Khayyam University of Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad, Iran
  • National Iranian Gas Company, Research and Development Department, Khorasan Razavi Province
  • Hakim Sabzevari University, Faculty Members of Mechanical Engineering, Sabzevar, Iran


  • 1. Bisio, G., Thermodynamic Analysis of the Use of Pressure Exergy of Natural Gas, Energy (1995). Vol. 20. No. 2. pp. 161-167, DOI: 10.1016/0360-5442(94)00074-D.[Crossref]
  • 2. Pozivil, J., (2004). Use of expansion turbine in natural gas pressure reduction stations. J. Acta Montanistica Slovaca 9, 258−260.
  • 3. Greeff, I.L., Visser, J.A, Ptasinski, K.J. & Janssen, F.J.J.G. (2004). Using turbine expanders to recover exothermic reaction heat-fl ow sheet development for typical chemical processes, Energy, Vol. 29, pp 2045-2060. DOI: 10.1016/j. energy.2004.03.048.[Crossref]
  • 4. Mirandola, A., Minca, Energy Recovery by Expansion of High Pressure Natural Gas. 21st Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. San Diego, California(Aug. 25-29, 1986).
  • 5. Farzaneh-Gord, M. & Magrebi, J. (2009). Exergy of natural gas fl ow in Iran’s natural gas fi elds, Int. J. Exergy, 6, (1), 131-142, DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2009.023349.[Crossref]
  • 6. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Deymi Dasht-Bayaz, M., (2008). Recoverable energy in natural gas pressure drop stations: a case study of the Khangiran gas refi nery. Energy Exploration & Exploitation; 26, 71-82. DOI: 10.126/0144598087855260508.
  • 7. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Hashemi, Sh. & Sadi, M. (2009). Energy destruction in Iran’s natural gas pipe line network, Energy Exploration and Exploitation, 25, (6) DOI: 10.1260/014459807783791809.[Crossref]
  • 8. Farzaneh-Gord, M. & Deymi Dasht-bayaz, M. (2009). A New Approach for Enhancing Performance of a Gas Turbine (case study: Khangiran Refi nery), Applied Energy 86, 2750-2759, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.04.017.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 9. Farzaneh-Gord, M. & Kargaran, M. (2010). Recovering energy at entry of natural gas into customer premises by employing a Counter-Flow vortex tube, oil & Gas Science and Technology-Revue de l’IFP, Vol. 65, No. 6, pp. DOI: 903-912, DOI: 10.2516/ogst/2009074.[Crossref]
  • 10. Farzaneh-Gord, M. & Sadi, M., (2008). Enhancing Energy Output in Iran’s Natural Gas Pressure Drop Stations by Cogeneration, Journal of energy Institute, Vol. 81, No 4, pp. 191-196.[WoS]
  • 11. Tuma, M. & Sekavcnik, M. (1997). Power generation by natural gas expansion engines, Fuel and Energy Abstracts.
  • 12. Stouffs, P., Tazerout, M. & Wauters, P. (2000). Thermodynamic analysis of reciprocating compressors. Inter. J. Therm. Sci. 40, 52-66.
  • 13. Castaing-Lasvignottes, J. & Gibout, S., Dynamic simulation of reciprocating refrigeration compressors and experimental validation. Inter. J. Refriger. 33 (2010), 381-389, DOI: 10.1016/J.IJREFRIG.2009.10.007.[Crossref]
  • 14. Elhaji, M., Gu, F., Ball, A.D., Albarbar, A., Al-Qattan, M. & Naid, A. (2008). Numerical simulation and experimental study of a two-stage reciprocating compressor for condition monitoring. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 22, 374-389 DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2007.08.003.[Crossref]
  • 15. Winandy, E., Saavedra, O. & Lebrun, J., Simplifi ed modeling of an open-type reciprocating compressor. Int. J. Sci. 41 (2002), 183-192. DOI: 10.1016/S1290-0729(01)01296-0.[Crossref]
  • 16. Ndiaye, D. & Bernier, M. (2010). Dynamic model of a hermetic reciprocating compressor in on-off cycling operation (Abbreviation: Compressor dynamic model). Appl. Therm. Engine. 30, 792-799, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.12.007.[Crossref]
  • 17. Farzaneh Gord, M., Niazmand, A. & Deymi-DashteBayaz, M. (2013). Optimizing reciprocating air compressor design parameters based on fi rst law analysis, U.P.B. Sci. Bull., Series D, Vol. 75, 4, 2013.
  • 18. Khangiran refi nery offi cial website, http://khangiran.com/pages/Products.htm
  • 19. Sukhyung, L. (1983). First law analysis of unsteady processes with application to a charging process and a reciprocating compressor. The Ohaio state University; A Thesis presented in Partial Fulfi llment of the Requirements for Degree of master Science.
  • 20. Bahadori, A. & Vuthaluru, H.B. A novel correlation for estimation of hydrate forming condition of natural gases. J. Nat. Gas Chem. 18, (2009) 453-457. DOI: 10.1016/S1003-9953(08)60143-7.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 21. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Rahbari, H.R., Bajelan, M. & Pilehvari, L. Investigation of hydrate formation in natural gas fl ow through underground transmission pipeline, J. Nat. Gas Sci. Engine. 15 (2013) 27-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2013.09.001[WoS][Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.