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2015 | 17 | 1 | 66-78

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Simulation of circulating fluidized bed gasification for characteristic study of pakistani coal


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A process model for turbulent pressurized circulating fluidized-bed coal gasifier is created using ASPEN PLUS software. Both hydrodynamic and reaction kinetics parameter are taken into account, whose expressions for fluidized bed are adopted from the literature. Various reactor models available in ASPEN PLUS with calculator as External Block are nested to solve hydrodynamics and kinetics. Multiple operational parameters for a pilot-plant circulating fluidized-bed coal gasifier are used to demonstrate the effects on coal gasification characteristics. This paper presents detailed information regarding the simulation model, including robust analysis of the effect of stoichiometric ratio, steam to coal ratio, gasification temperature and gasification agent temperature. It is observed that, with the increase in the flow rate of air, the components hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and methane reduce, which causes the Lower Heating Value (LHV) of synthesis gas (Syn. Gas) to decrease by about 29.3%, while increment in the steam flow rate shows a minute increase in heating value of only 0.8%. Stoichiometric ratio has a direct relationship to carbon conversion efficiency and carbon dioxide production. Increasing the steam to coal ratio boosts the production of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and causes a drop in both carbon dioxide concentration and the conversion efficiency of carbon. High gasifying agent temperature is desired because of high concentration of CO and H2, increasing carbon conversion and LHV. A high gasifying agent temperature is the major factor that affects the coal gasification to enhance H2 and CO production rapidly along with other gasification characteristics.









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1 - 3 - 2015
25 - 3 - 2015


  • University of Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, G.T. Road, Lahore 54890, Pakistan
  • Project Development Directorate, DH Fertilizers Limited, 28-km Lahore Sheikhupura Road, Lahore, Pakistan
  • School of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Health Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Qld 4702, Australia
  • University of Engineering & Technology (Lahore) Faisalabad Campus, Department of Chemical & Polymer Engineering, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Pakistan Institute of Contemporary Sciences, Raiwind Lahore, Pakistan


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