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2015 | 51 | 2 | 55-63

Article title

Assessment of the Effects of Rehabilitation on Balance Impairment in Patients After Ischemic Stroke According to Selected Tests and Scales


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Cerebral stroke is one of the most important issues for modern medicine. Despite the fact that numerous activities have been undertaken for the purpose of raising awareness and significance of prevention, this condition still remains one of the main reasons behind disability. The objective of the work was to assess the effects of the type of therapy, age and period from the incident occurrence, on the progress of rehabilitation of imbalance and body stability observed in a group of researched patients, on the basis of results obtained according to the Berg Balance Scale, tandem balance test, Kwolek’s loading symmetry index and Timed Up and Go test. The test group comprised of 55 post-stroke patients. The group consisted of 29 women (52.73%) and 26 men (47.27%). The average age of the subjects was 61.02 years (age range between 33-85 years). A number of the patients were subjected to rehabilitation with the use of classic kinesitherapy, whereas the remaining group underwent rehabilitation based on the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation method (PNF).









Physical description


1 - 6 - 2015
18 - 11 - 2015
25 - 5 - 2015


  • 21 Military Spa-Rehabilitation Hospital in Busko-Zdrój, Poland
  • Vincent Pol University of Lublin, Poland
  • Health Sciences Department, Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce, Poland
  • Vincent Pol University of Lublin, Poland
  • Histology and Embryology Department with the Experimental Cytology Laboratory of Medical University in Lublin, Poland


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  • 4. Sienkiewicz-Jarosz H., Głuszkiewicz M., Pniewski J. et al.: Decline of 30 day case fatality for stroke between 1991/1992 and 2005, comparison of data from population based studies. J. Neurol. 2006; 253 (2): 16-17.
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  • 8. Sharman M., Cresswell A., Riek S. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching - Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. Sports Medicine 2006; 36 (11): 929-939.[Crossref]
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  • 11. Wolny T., Saulicz E., Gnat R. The application of PNF method in post-stroke patients. Rehabilitacja w Praktyce 2008; (3): 32-36.
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  • 13. Opara J., Sztokfisz J., Orkiszewska - Mokry K. Clinical evaluation of balance. Rehabilitacja w Praktyce 2010; (4): 18 - 20.
  • 14. Fedak D., Latała B., Otfinowski J., Zajdel K. Assessent of the effects of physiotherapy on balance in standing position in post-stroke patients determined on the basis of posturography. Acta Bio-Optica et Informatica Medica 2010; (3): 16.
  • 15. Suszyński K, Kaniewski O, Górka D. et al. The effect of PNF therapy on the process of motor improvement in patients after ischemic cerebral stroke localised in left hemisphere in the period of intense rehabilitation. Annales Academiae Medicae Silesiensis.2014;68(5):294-301.
  • 16. Kalisz K, Kalisz Z, Hagner-Derengowska M, Zukow W, Trela E. Balance assessment in post-stroke patients on the basis of selected scales and tests. Journal of Health Sciences 2012;2(4):141-177.

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