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Journal
2015 | 60 | 2 | 347-353
Article title

CFD modeling of passive autocatalytic recombiners*

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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This study deals with numerical modeling of passive autocatalytic hydrogen recombiners (PARs). Such devices are installed within containments of many nuclear reactors in order to remove hydrogen and convert it to steam. The main purpose of this work is to develop a numerical model of passive autocatalytic recombiner (PAR) using the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software ANSYS-FLUENT and tuning the model using experimental results. The REKO 3 experiment was used for this purpose. Experiment was made in the Institute for Safety Research and Reactor Technology in Julich (Germany). It has been performed for different hydrogen concentrations, different flow rates, the presence of steam, and different initial temperatures of the inlet mixture. The model of this experimental recombiner was elaborated within the framework of this work. The influence of mesh, gas thermal conductivity coefficient, mass diffusivity coefficients, and turbulence model was investigated. The best results with a good agreement with REKO 3 data were received for k-ɛ model of turbulence, gas thermal conductivity dependent on the temperature and mass diffusivity coefficients taken from CHEMKIN program. The validated model of the PAR was next implemented into simple two-dimensional simulations of hydrogen behavior within a subcompartment of a containment building.
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
60
Issue
2
Pages
347-353
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2015
received
12 - 12 - 2014
online
22 - 6 - 2015
accepted
30 - 3 - 2015
References
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  • 2. OECD/NEA. (1999). SOAR on containment thermalhydraulics and hydrogen distribution. (Report NEA/CSNI(R) 99/16). Paris.
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  • 6. Reinecke, E. -A., Boehm, J., Drinovac, P., & Struth, S. (2005). Modeling of catalytic recombiners: Comparison of REKO-DIREKT calculations with REKO-3 experiments. In Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy for New Europe, September 5–8, 2005. Bled.
  • 7. Reinecke, E. -A., Tragsdorf, I. M., & Gierling, K. (2004). Studies on innovative hydrogen recombiners as safety devices in the containments of light water reactors. Nucl. Eng. Des., 230, 49–59.
  • 8. Levine, R. D. (2005). Molecular reaction dynamics. Cambridge University Press.
  • 9. Launder, B. E. (1978). Heat and mass transport. In P. Bradshaw (Ed.) Topics in applied physics: turbulence (Vol. 12). Berlin: Springer.
  • 10. Kays, W. M., & Crawford, M. E. (1980). Convective heat and mass transfer. McGraw Hill.
  • 11. Tominaga, Y., & Stathopoulos, T. (2007). Turbulent Schmidt numbers for CFD analysis with various types of flowfield. Atmos. Environ., 41(37), 8091–8099.[WoS]
  • 12. CHEMKIN. (2000). Reaction design: TRANSPORT, a software package for the evaluation of gas-phase, multicomponent transport properties. CHEMKIN Collection Release 3.6. (Document No. TRA-036-1).
  • 13. Chapman, S., & Cowling, T. G. (1970). The mathematical theory of non-uniform gases: an account of the kinetic theory of viscosity, thermal conduction and diffusion in gases (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • 14. Dabbene, F., & Paillére, H. (2007). PARIS Benchmark Report. (CEA-Rapport DM2S – SMFE/LTMF/RT/07-003/A).
  • 15. Gera, B., Sharma, P. K., Singh, R. K., & Vaze, K. K. (2011). CFD analysis of passive autocatalytic recombiner and its interaction with containment atmosphere. BARC Newsletter, Founder’s Day Special Issue.
  • 16. AREVA Inc. (2011). AREVA passive autocatalytic recombiner. (Document No. G-008-V1PB-2011-ENG).
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_nuka-2015-0050
Identifiers
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