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2015 | 49 | 1 | 5-14

Article title

Kinesiological Analysis of Stationary Running Performed in Aquatic and Dry Land Environments


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The purpose of the present study was to analyze the electromyographic (EMG) signals of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), semitendinosus (ST) and short head of the biceps femoris (BF) during the performance of stationary running at different intensities in aquatic and dry land environments. The sample consisted of 12 female volunteers who performed the stationary running exercise in aquatic and dry land environments at a submaximal cadence (80 beats·min-1 controlled by a metronome) and at maximal velocity, with EMG signal measurements from the RF, VL, ST and BF muscles. The results showed a distinct pattern between environments for each muscle examined. For the submaximal cadence of 80 beats·min-1, there was a reduced magnitude of the EMG signal in the aquatic environment, except for the ST muscle, the pattern of which was similar in both environments. In contrast to the submaximal cadence, the pattern of the EMG signal from all of the muscles showed similar magnitudes for both environments and phases of movement at maximal velocity, except for the VL muscle. Therefore, the EMG signals from the RF, VL, ST and BF muscles of women during stationary running had different patterns of activation over the range of motion between aquatic and dry land environments for different intensities. Moreover, the neuromuscular responses of the lower limbs were optimized by an increase in intensity from submaximal cadence to maximal velocity.









Physical description


1 - 12 - 2015
1 - 12 - 2015
30 - 12 - 2015


  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rua Luís de Camões, 625 96055-630 RS, Brazil
  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Natália Amélia da Silva Azenha
  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
  • Physical Education School, Midwest State University of Parana, Guarapuava, PR, Brazil
  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Marcus Peikriszwili Tartaruga


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