Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 46 | 1 | 211-217
Article title

Temperamental Traits Versus Individual Physical Fitness Components and a Physical Activity Level

Title variants
Languages of publication
The main aim of the study was to examine whether relationships exist between particular temperamental traits within the concept of Regulative Theory of Temperament and components of physical fitness, that are most crucial for success in sport. The research involved 108 individuals including 63 men (age 21.1 ± 1.6 yrs) and 45 women (age 20.7 ± 1.3 yrs). None of the respondents were professionally engaged in sport. Components of physical fitness included: aerobic capacity, strength, agility, static-dynamic balance and reaction time. The respondents also completed two questionnaires: the Formal Characteristics of Behaviour – Temperament Inventory and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The results indicate that the temperamental traits had average to poor correlations with the components of physical fitness, whereas more statistically significant correlations were observed in women. Negative correlations were obtained between emotional reactivity and agility, which was a result confirmed by previous research. All temperamental traits related with the energetic aspects of behaviour correlated with simple reaction time in women. Physical activity and aerobic capacity did not correlate with any of the studied traits. The results do not allow for any general conclusions to be drawn, but can serve as a reference point for future research on temperamental traits as delineated by Regulative Theory of Temperament and their relationship with the components of physical fitness.

Physical description
1 - 6 - 2015
1 - 6 - 2015
10 - 7 - 2015
  • - Institute of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
  • - Central Research Laboratory, Józef Rusiecki Olsztyn University, Poland.
  • - Central Research Laboratory, Józef Rusiecki Olsztyn University, Poland.
  • Baylé FJ, Daban C, Willard D, Bourdel MC, Olié JP, Krebs MO, Amado-Boccara I. Specific pattern of attentional changes in impulsive individuals. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2006; 11 (5): 452-464
  • Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Gajewski AK. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) – Polish version. Physical Education and Sport, 2007; 51: 47-54
  • Bouchard C, Malina R, Pérusse L. Genetics of fitness and physical performance. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1997
  • Council of Europe. Committee of experts on sport research - EUROFIT. Handbook for the EUROFIT test on physical fitness. Strasbourg; 1993
  • Cuenca-García M, Huybrechts I, Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Ottevaere C, González-Gross M, Moreno LA, Vicente-Rodríguez G, Molnár D, Polito A, Manios Y, Plada M, Vanhelst J, Widhalm K, Sjöström M, Kersting M, Castillo MJ. Clustering in multiple lifestyle behaviors and health-related fitness in European adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav, 2013; 45: 549-557
  • Ertem K, Harma A, Cetin A, Elmali N, Yologlu S, Bostan H, Sakarya B. An investigation of hand dominance, average versus maximum grip strength, body mass index and ages as determinants for hand evaluation. Isokinet Exerc Sci, 2005; 13: 223-227
  • Eysenck HJ, Nias DKB, Cox DN. Sport and personality. Adv Behav Ther, 1982; 4: 1-56
  • Guilford JP. Fundamental statistics in psychology and education. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company; 1956
  • Guszkowska M, Rychta T. Relationship between physical fitness and personality traits in adolescents. Human Movement, 2007; 8(2): 80-88
  • Kantor-Martynuska J. The princess and the pea. Suggestions for the revision of sensory sensitivity in the Regulative Theory of Temperament. J Ind Diff, 2012; 33(4): 237-247
  • Magill R. Motor learning and control: concepts and applications (9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011
  • Netter P. Biochemical variables in the study of temperament: purposes, approaches and selected findings. [in:] Strelau J, Angleitner A (ed.). Explorations in temperament: international perspectives on theory and measurement. New York: Plenum Press, 147-161; 1991
  • Oniszczenko W, Zawadzki B, Strelau J, Riemann R, Angleitner A. Genetic and environmental determinants of temperament: A comparative study based on Polish and German samples. Eur J Personality, 2003; 17: 207-220
  • Panayiotou G, Vrana SR. The role of self-focus, task difficulty, task self-relevance, and evaluation anxiety in reaction time performance. Motiv Emotion, 2004; 28(2): 171-196
  • Rhodes RE, Smith NEI. Personality correlates of physical activity: a review and meta-analysis. Brit J Sport Med, 2006; 40: 958-965
  • Schwerdtfeger A, Getzmann S, Baltissen R. Fast reducers, slow augmenters: a psychophysiological analysis of temperament-related differences in reaction time. Int J Psychophysiol, 2004; 52: 225-237
  • Silverthorn DU. Human physiology: an integrated approach. San Francisco: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings; 2010
  • Strelau J. The concepts of arousal and arousability as used in temperament studies. [in:] Wachs TD, Bates JE (ed.). Temperament: Individual differences at the interface of biology and behavior. Washington: American Psychological Association; 1994
  • Strelau J. The contribution of Pavlov’s typology of CNS properties to personality research. Eur Psychol, 1997; 2(2): 125-138
  • Strelau J. Temperament as a regulator of behavior. After fifty years of research. New York: Eliot Werner Publications; 2008
  • Strelau J, Zawadzki B. The Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Theoretical assumptions and scale construction. Eur J Personality, 1993; 7: 313-336
  • Strelau J, Zawadzki B. The Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Validity studies. Eur J Personality, 1995; 9(3): 207-229
  • Strelau J, Zawadzki B. Fearfulness and anxiety in research on temperament: temperamental traits are related to anxiety disorders. Pers Indiv Differ, 2011; 50: 907-915
  • Tolea MI, Terracciano A, Milaneschi Y, Metter EJ, Ferrucci L. Personality typology in relation to muscle strength. Int J Behav Med, 2012; 19: 382-390
  • Zuckerman M. Psychobiology of personality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1991
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.