Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 46 | 1 | 189-198

Article title

Connecting Athletes’ Self-Perceptions and Metaperceptions of Competence: a Structural Equation Modeling Approach


Title variants

Languages of publication



This study explored the relationships between athletes’ competence self-perceptions and metaperceptions. Two hundred and fifty one student-athletes (14.26 ± 1.89 years), members of twenty different teams (basketball, soccer) completed a questionnaire which included the Perception of Success Questionnaire, the Competence subscale of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory, and modified versions of both questionnaires to assess athletes’ metaperceptions. Structural equation modelling analysis revealed that athletes’ task and ego metaperceptions positively predicted task and ego self-perceptions, respectively. Competence metaperceptions were strong predictors of competence selfperceptions, confirming the atypical metaperception formation in outcome-dependent contexts such as sport. Task and ego metaperceptions positively predicted athletes’ competence metaperceptions. How coaches value their athletes’ competence is more influential on what the athletes think of themselves than their own self-perceptions. Athletes’ ego and task metaperceptions influenced their competence metaperceptions (how coaches rate their competence). Therefore, athletes build their competence metaperceptions using all information available from their coaches. Finally, only taskself perfections positively predicted athletes’ competence self-perceptions.









Physical description


1 - 6 - 2015
1 - 3 - 2015
10 - 7 - 2015


  • - University of Oviedo; Faculty of Teacher Training and Education; Department of Educational Sciences, Spain.
  • - University of Oviedo; Faculty of Teacher Training and Education; Department of Educational Sciences, Spain.
  • - University of Oviedo; Faculty of Teacher Training and Education; Department of Educational Sciences, Spain.


  • Adie JW, Jowett S. Meta-perceptions of the coach–athlete relationship, achievement goals, and intrinsic motivation among sport participants. J Appl Soc Psychol, 2010; 40(11): 2750–2773
  • Allen JB, Howe BL. Player ability, coach feedback, and female adolescent athletes’ perceived competence and satisfaction. J Sport Exerc Psychol, 1998; 20: 280-299
  • Ames C. Competitive, cooperative and individualistic goal structures: A motivational analysis. In R. Ames and C. Ames (Eds.), Research on motivation in education: Student motivation. New York: Academic Press, 177-207; 1984
  • Amorose AJ. Reflected appraisals and perceived importance of significant others’ appraisals as predictors of college athletes’ self-perceptions of competence. Res Q Exercise Sport, 2003; 74(1): 60-70
  • Balaguer I, Castillo I, Duda JL. Autonomy support, needs satisfaction, motivation and well-being in competitors: analysis of the self-determination theory. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 2008; 17(1): 123-139
  • Bandura A. Social foundation of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; 1986
  • Black SJ, Weiss MR. The relationship among perceived coaching behaviours, perceptions of ability, and motivation in competitive age-group swimmers. J Sport Exerc Psychol, 1992; 14: 309-325
  • Byrne BM. Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Elbaum Associates; 1998
  • Byrne BM. Testing for multigroup equivalence of a measuring instrument: A walk through the process. Psicothema, 2008; 20(4): 872-882
  • Cecchini JA, González C, López-Prado J, Brustad R.J. Relationships between perceived motivational climate, goal orientation, intrinsic motivation and fair play. Revista Mexicana de Psicología, 2005; 22: 469-479
  • Cecchini JA, Méndez-Giménez A, Fernández-Río. Validation of a scale to assess competence meta-perception in significant others. Magíster (in press)
  • Cervelló EM, Escartí A, Balagué G. Relations between dispositional goal orientation and satisfaction with sport results, success beliefs in sport and physical activity enjoyment. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 1999; 8: 7-19
  • Cheung GW, Rensvold RB. Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Struct Equ Modelling, 2002; 9: 233-255
  • DeCarlo LT. On the meaning and use of kurtosis. Psychol Meth, 1997; 2: 292-307
  • Duda JL, Hall H. Achievement goal theory in sport: Recent extensions and future directions. In R. N. Singer, H. A. Hausenblas, & C. M. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of research in sport psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 417-434; 2001
  • Duda JL, Nicholls JG. Dimensions of achievement motivation in schoolwork and sport. J Ed Psychol, 1992; 84(3): 290-299
  • Felson RB. The (somewhat) social self: How others affect self-appraisals. In A. Suls (Ed.), Psychological perspectives on the self: The self in social perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 126-147; 1993
  • Hall JA, Murphy NA, Carney DR. On the varieties of asymmetrical dependency: Feelings, motives, behavior, and accuracy in a dyadic interaction. Eur J Soc Psychol, 2006; 36: 583–599
  • Harter S. Effectance motivation reconsidered: Toward a developmental model. Human Develop, 1978; 21: 34-64
  • Harter S. A model of mastery motivation in children: Individual differences and developmental change. In W.A. Collins (Ed.), Aspects of the development of competence: The Minnesota symposia on child psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 14, 215-256; 1981
  • Hinde RA. A suggested structure for a science of relationships. Pers Rel, 1995; 2(1): 1-15
  • Horn TS. Coaches’ feedback and changes in children’s percepction of their physical competence. J Ed Psychol, 1985; 77: 174-186
  • Kaplan SA, Santuzzi AM, Ruscher JB. Elaborative metaperceptions in outcome-dependent situations: The diluted relationship between default self-perceptions and metaperceptions. Soc Cognition, 2009; 27(4): 601-614
  • Kenny DA, Acitelli LK. Accuracy and bias in perceptions of the partner in close relationships. J Pers Soc Psychol, 2001; 80: 439-448
  • Kenny DA, DePaulo BM. Do people know how others view them? An empirical and theoretical account. Psychol B, 1993; 114: 145-161
  • McAuley E, Duncan TE, Tammen VV. Psychometric properties of the intrinsic motivation inventory in a competitive sport setting: A confirmatory factor-analysis. Res Q Exercise Sport, 1989; 60: 48-58
  • Nicholls JG. Achievement motivation: Conceptions of ability, subjective experience, task choice, and performance. Psychol Rev, 1984; 91: 328–346
  • Nunnally JC, Bernstein IH. Psychometric Theory. Nueva York: McGraw-Hill; 1994
  • Overbeck JR, Park B. When power does not corrupt: Superior individuation processes among powerful perceivers. J Pers Soc Psychol, 2001; 81: 549–565
  • Roberts GC, Treasure DC, Balagué. Achievement goals in sport: The development and validation of the Perception of Success Questionnaire. J Sports Sci, 1998; 16: 337 - 347
  • Roberts GC, Treasure DC, Conroy DE. Understanding the dynamics of motivation in sport and physical activity: An achievement goal interpretation. In G. Tenenbaum & R. Eklund (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology. New York: Wiley, 3-30; 2007
  • Ryan RM, Deci EL. Self-Determination Theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being. Am Psychol, 2000; 55: 68-78
  • Satorra A, Bentler PM. Corrections to test statistics and standard errors in covariance structure analysis. In A. von Eye & C.C. Clogg (Eds.), Latent variables analysis: Applications for developmental research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 399-419; 1994
  • Snodgrass SE. Women’s intuition: The effect of subordinate role on interpersonal sensitivity. J Pers Soc Psychol, 1985; 49: 146-155
  • Stevens LE, Fiske ST. Motivated impressions of a powerholder: Accuracy under task dependency and misperception under evaluation dependency. Pers Soc Psychol B, 2000; 26: 907-922
  • Troyer L, Younts CW. Whose expectations matter? The relative power of first- and second-order expectations in determining social influence. Am J Sociol, 1997; 103: 692-732
  • Weiss MR, Amorose AJ, Wilko AM. Coaching behaviours, motivational climate, and psychosocial outcomes among female adolescent athletes. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 2009; 21: 475–492

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.