Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 46 | 1 | 119-128
Article title

The Relationship Between Intensity Indicators in Small-Sided Soccer Games

Title variants
Languages of publication
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between different kinds of intensity indicators in small-sided soccer games. This descriptive correlational study included 14 semi-professional male soccer players (21.3 ± 2.3 years, 174 ± 4.0 cm, 73.4 ± 5.1 kg) from the same team. The players were monitored by means of heart rate monitors and GPS devices during 27 small-sided games of nine different formats, yielding a total of 217 recordings. After each game the Borg scale was used to give a rate of perceived exertion (RPE). The internal load indicators were the mean heart rate relative to the individual maximum (%HRmean) and the RPE, while those for the external load were the player load, total distance covered, distance covered in two intensity ranges (>18 km·h-1 and >21 km·h-1), and frequency of effort (in the same two intensity ranges). There was a significant moderate correlation (r=0.506) between the two internal load measurements (%HRmean and RPE). Although there were significant correlations of different degrees between various external load measurements, only the player load was significantly correlated with the internal load indicators (r=0.331 with %HRmean and r=0.218 with RPE). During training programes of this kind, it is necessary to consider a range of intensity indicators so as to obtain complementary information. This will enable coaches to more accurately assess the load imposed on players and therefore optimize the training process.
Physical description
1 - 6 - 2015
1 - 3 - 2015
10 - 7 - 2015
  • Aguiar M, Botelho G, Lago C, Maças V, Sampaio J. A review on the effects of soccer small-sided games. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 33: 103-113
  • Akenhead R, Hayes P, Thompson K, French D. Diminutions of acceleration and deceleration output during professional football match play. J Sci Med Sport, 2013; 6: 556–561
  • Alexiou H, Coutts A. A comparison of methods used for quantifying internal training load in women soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2008; 3: 320-330.
  • Aughey R, Fallon C. Real-time versus post-game GPS data in team sports. J Sci Med Sport, 2010; 13: 348-349
  • Bangsbo J. The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: Physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003; 35: 697-705
  • Borresen J, Lambert MI. The quantification of training load, the training response and the effect on performance. Sports Med, 2009; 39: 779-795
  • Boyd LJ, Ball K, Aughey RJ. The reliability of MinimaxX accelerometers for measuring physical activity in Australian football. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2011; 6: 311-321
  • Casamichana D, Castellano J, Calleja-González J, San Román J, Castagna, J. Relationship between indicators of training load in soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27: 369-374
  • Casamichana D, Suarez-Arrones L, Castellano J, Román-Quintana JS. Effect of number of touches and exercise duration on the kinematic profile and heart rate response during small-sided games in soccer. J Hum Kinet, 2014; 41: 113-23
  • Castellano J, Casamichana D, Calleja-González J, San Román J, Ostojic S. Reliability and accuracy of 10 Hz GPS devices for short-distance exercise. J Sports Sci Med, 2011; 10: 233-234
  • Castellano J, Casamichana D, Dellal A. Influence of game format and number of players on heart rate responses and physical demands in small-sided soccer games. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27: 1295-1303
  • Clarke N, Farthing JP, Norris SR, Arnold BE, Lanovaz JL. Quantification of training load in Canadian Football: Application of Session-RPE in collision-based team sports. J Strength Cond Res, 2013; 27: 2198-2205
  • Coutts A, Rampinini E, Marcora S, Castagna C, Impellizzeri F. Heart rate and blood lactate correlates of perceived exertion during small-sided soccer games. J Sci Med Sport, 2009; 12: 79-84
  • Dellal A, Da Silva C, Hill-Haas S, Wong del P, Natali AJ, De Lima JR, Marins JCB, Garcia ES, Karim C. Heart rate monitoring in soccer: interest and limits during competitive match-play and training - Practical application. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26: 2890-2906
  • Drust B, Waterhouse J, Atkinson G, Edwards B, Reilly T. Circadian rhythms in sports performance: an update. Chronobiol Int, 2005; 22: 21-44
  • Ford PR, Yates I, Williams AM. An analysis of practice activities and instructional behaviours used by youth soccer coaches during practice: exploring the link between science and application. J Sports Sci, 2010; 28: 483-495
  • Flanagan T, Merrick E. Quantifying the work–load of soccer players. In: Science and Football IV. Spinks, W, Reilly, T and Murphy, A, eds. London, Routledge, 2002; 341-349
  • Foster C. Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1998; 30: 1164-1168
  • Gabbett TJ, Jenkins D. Relationship between training load and injury in professional rugby league players. J Sci Med Sport, 2011; 14: 204-209
  • Gastin PB, McLean O, Spittle M, Breed R. Quantification of tackling demands in professional Australian football using integrated wearable athlete tracking technology. J Sci Med Sport, 2013; 6: 589-93
  • Hill-Haas S, Dawson B, Impellizzeri FM, Coutts A. Physiology of small-sided games training in football. A systematic review. Sports Med, 2011; 41(3): 199-200
  • Hopkins WG. A Scale of Magnitudes for Effect Statistics. 2002: (Accessed in March, 2009)
  • Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Marcora SM. Physiological assessment of aerobic training in soccer. J Sports Sci, 2005; 23: 583-592
  • Impellizzeri F, Rampinini E, Coutts A, Sassi A, Marcora S. Use of RPE-based training load in soccer. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2004; 36: 1042-1047
  • Köklü Y. A comparison of physiological responses to various intermittent and continuous small-sided games in young soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 31: 89-96
  • Krustrup PM, Mohr T, Amstrup T, Rysgaard J, Johansen A, Steensberg P, Pedersen PK, Bangsbo J. The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003; 35: 697-705
  • Little T, Williams G. Measures of exercise intensity during soccer training drills with professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21: 367-371
  • McGuigan MR, Egan A, Foster C. Salivary cortisol responses and perceived exertion during high intensity and low intensity bouts of resistance exercise. J Sports Sci Med, 2004; 3: 8-15
  • Mujika I. The alphabet of sport science research starts with Q. Int J of Sports Phys Perform, 2013; 8: 465-466
  • Rampinini E, Impellizzeri F, Castagna C, Abt G, Chamari K, Sassi A, Marcora SM. Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. J Sports Sci, 2007; 25: 659-666
  • Scott TJ, Black C, Quinn J, Coutts A. Validity and reliability of the session RPE method for quantifying training in Australian Football: A comparison of the CR10 and CR100 scales. J Strength Cond Res, 2013a; 27: 270-276
  • Scott BR, Lockie RG, Knight TJ, Clark AC, Jance de Jorge XA. A comparison of methods to quatify the inseason training load of professional soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2013b; 8:195-202
  • Varley MC, Fairweather IH, Aughey RJ. Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration, and constant motion. J Sports Sci, 2012; 30: 121-127
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.