Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 22 | 3 | 401-410

Article title

Water Quality Correction Within Water Distribution System


Title variants


Languages of publication



Water suppliers can be treated as production companies whose main product is water delivered to their customers. The article presents problems connected with management of such companies in the conditions of secondary contamination in water distribution systems. This phenomenon exists in water networks all over the world. Its’ presence is particularly visible in countries of former communistic block. In the article particular attention was devoted to the issue of water quality correction in the analysed systems. In the case of water distribution systems, former quality correction methods consisted in special treatment of water pumped into the system, flushing and cleaning of water pipes. In both these cases identification of water quality deficiencies resulted in significant water loss. The situation reflects management processes applied in the manufacturing industry of the 1940s. The authors of this paper put forward the concept of three water quality correction methods which would not entail such considerable water loss. The methods in question are intended for different network types. The implementation of proposed solutions could set new standards in management of distribution systems of water providers.









Physical description


1 - 9 - 2015
5 - 10 - 2015


  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, phone +48 81 538 44 30
  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, phone +48 81 538 44 30
  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, Off-Campus Faculty of Social Sciences in Stalowa Wola, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, ul. Ofiar Katynia 6A, 37-450 Stalowa Wola, Poland, phone +48 15 642 25 33, fax +48 15 842 49 51
  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, phone +48 81 538 44 30


  • [1] Guidelines for Drinking - Water Quality. WHO, Geneva 2004.
  • [2] Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC (1998). Council Directive of November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption. Official J EC (L 330.5.12.98): 32-54.
  • [3] Mays L. Urban Water Supply Handbook. New York, Chicago, London, Madrid: Mc Graw Hill; 2002.
  • [4] Besner MC, Gauthier V, Barbeau B, Millette R, Chapleau R, Prevost M. Journal AWWA. 2001;93(7):101-114.
  • [5] Vreeburg JHG, Boxall JB. Water Res. 2007;41(3):519-529. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.09.028.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • [6] Elala D, Labhasetwar P, Tyrrel SF. Water Sci Technol. 2011;11(4):400-408. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2011.064.[Crossref]
  • [7] Mounce S, Machell J, Boxall J. Water Sci Technol. 2012;12(5): 580-587. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2012.030.[Crossref]
  • [8] Besner MC, Gauthier V, Trépanier M, Leclair M, Prévost M. Urban Water J. 2005;2(2):93-105. DOI: 10.1080/15730620500144340.[Crossref]
  • [9] Woolschlager JE, Rittmann BE, Piriou P. Urban Water J. 2005;2(2):69-79. DOI: 10.1080/15730620500144027.[Crossref]
  • [10] Chen M, Ohman K, Sinclair J, Petkau D, Yau R, Deng JF, et al. Water Qual Res J Can. 2011;46(3):200-210. DOI: 10.2166/wqrjc.2011.021.[Crossref]
  • [11] Lee J, Lohani VK, Dietrich AM, Loganathan GV Water Sci Technol. 2012;12(5):619-629. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2012.036.[Crossref]
  • [12] Tsvetanova ZG, Hoekstra EJ. Water Sci Technol. 2012;12(4):489-495. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2012.022.[Crossref]
  • [13] Simard A, Pelletier G, Rodriguez MJ. Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua. 2011;60(6):375-390. DOI:10.2166/aqua.2011.019.[Crossref]
  • [14] Poças A, Rebola N, Cordeiro B, Rodrigues S, Benoliel M, Vreeburg J, Menaia J. Water Sci Technol. 2013;13(4):400-408. DOI:10.2166/ws.2013.096.[Crossref]
  • [15] Lehtola MJ, Nissinen TK, Miettinen IT. Water Res. 2004;38(3):601-610. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2003.10.054.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • [16] Zimoch I, Łobos E. Desalin Water Treat. 2014;52(19-21):3719-3724. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2014.884684.[Crossref]
  • [17] Tsvetanova ZG, Dimitrov DN. Water Sci Technol. 2012;12(6):720-726. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2012.048.[Crossref]
  • [18] Rahman MS, Gagnon GA. J Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua. 2014;63(6):461-475. DOI: 10.2166/aqua.2014.07.[Crossref]
  • [19] Ollos PJ, Huck PM, Slawson RM. Journal AWWA. 2003;95(1):87-97.
  • [20] Ellis K, Ryan B, Templeton MR, Biggs CA. Water Sci Technol. 2013;13(4):1034-1045. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2013.092.[Crossref]
  • [21] Kowalska B, Kowalski D, Rożej A: J Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua. 2011;60(3):137-146. DOI: 10.2166/aqua.2011.004.[Crossref]
  • [22] Chudzicki J, Kwietniewski M, Iwanek M, Suchorab P. In: Mambretti S, Brebbia CA. editors. Urban Water II, Suthampton, Boston: WIT Press; 2014; 15-17. .
  • [23] Fabris R, Braun K, Morran J, Ho L, Cook D, Drikas M. J Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua. 2013;62(6):377-384. DOI: 10.2166/aqua.2013.128.[Crossref]
  • [24] Vasyukova E, Proft R, Jousten J, Slavik I, Uhl W. Water Sci Technol. 2013;13(4):1099-1108. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2013.095.[Crossref]
  • [25] Lyon BA, Farré MJ, De Vera GA, Keller J, Roux A, Weinberg HS, et al. Water Sci Technol. 2014;14(4):681-689. DOI: 10.2166/ws.2014.0.[Crossref]
  • [26] Zhang M., Semmens M., Schuler D., Hozalski R. M. Journal AWWA. 2002;94(9):112-122.
  • [27] Kowalski D., Kowalska B., Kwietniewski M. Conference Cities of the future. Sustainable Urban Planning and Water Management. Stocholm 2011. .
  • [28] Kowalski D. Water Practice Technol. 2009;4(3). DOI: 10.2166/wpt.2009.048.[Crossref]
  • [29] Polish patent no 378381. 2005. .
  • [30] Polish patent no 378383. 2005. .
  • [31] Polish patent no 378382. 2005. .
  • [32] Rossman LA. Epanet 2. Users Manual. EPA/600/R-00/057. 2000. .

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.