PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 36 | 3 | 305-320
Article title

Investigations of operation problems at a 200 MWe PF boiler

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
To minimize oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission, maximize boiler combustion efficiency, achieve safe and reliable burner combustion, it is crucial to master global boiler and at-the-burner control of fuel and air flows. Non-uniform pulverized fuel (PF) and air flows to burners reduce flame stability and pose risk to boiler safety by risk of reverse flue gas and fuel flow into burners. This paper presents integrated techniques implemented at pilot ESKOM power plants for the determination of global boiler air/flue gas distribution, wind-box air distribution and measures for making uniform the flow being delivered to burners within a wind-box system. This is achieved by Process Flow Modelling, at-the-burner static pressure measurements and CFD characterization. Global boiler mass and energy balances combined with validated site measurements are used in an integrated approach to calculate the total (stoichiometric + excess) air mass flow rate required to burn the coal quality being fired, determine the actual quantity of air that flows through the burners and the furnace ingress air. CFD analysis and use of at-the-burner static, total pressure and temperature measurements are utilized in a 2-pronged approach to determine root-causes for burner fires and to evaluate secondary air distribution between burners.
Publisher

Year
Volume
36
Issue
3
Pages
305-320
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 9 - 2015
received
11 - 3 - 2015
revised
21 - 7 - 2015
accepted
23 - 7 - 2015
online
5 - 11 - 2015
Contributors
author
  • ESKOM SOC, Group Technology Engineering, Boiler Auxiliaries, 1 Simba Rd, Sunninghill, Johannesburg, South Africa, sandile.peta@gmail.com
author
  • ESKOM SOC, Generation Engineering, Camden Power Plant, Ermelo, South Africa
  • University of Witwatersrand, School of Mechanical, Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • University of Witwatersrand, School of Mechanical, Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering, Johannesburg, South Africa
author
  • University of Cape Town, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Cape Town, South Africa
References
  • Archary H., Jestin L.M., Roohani H., 2012. Online measurement and condition based maintenance of pulverised fuel vertical spindle mills. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012. Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012.
  • Brown R., 2004. Coal and air flow measurement and control at Allegheny’s Armstrong Station. EPRI, March 29, 2004. Available at: http://www.epri.com/abstracts/Pages/ProductAbstract.aspx?ProductId=000000000001009374
  • Department of Trade and Industry, 2001. Technology status report. Pulverised fuel (PF) flow measurement and control methods for utility boilers. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file19294.pdf.
  • Peta S., du Toit C., Jestin L.M., Roohani H., 2012. Burner flow controls for safe, reliable, complete and clean combustion. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012. Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012. van der Merwe J.C., Roohani H., Jestin L.M., Simonin O., van Wyk C., Archary H., 2012. Mastering pulverised fuel distribution to low-NOx burners for safety and environmental protection. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012.
  • Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012.
  • Winkler H., 2006. Energy policies for sustainable development in South Africa. Options for the future. Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town. Available at: https://www.iaea.org/OurWork/ST/NE/Pess/assets/South_Africa_Report_May06.pdf.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_cpe-2015-0021
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.