Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 13 | 1 |
Article title

Synthesis and Characterization of PSSA-Polyaniline Composite with an Enhanced Processability
in Thin Films

Title variants
Languages of publication
This paper reports the synthesis and investigation of a polymer composite based on poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid) (PSSA) and polyaniline (PANI) directly obtained in an aqueous PSSA medium, with improved conductivity and solubility in polar solvents. The oxidative polymerization reaction of aniline takes place in-situ with PSSA as protonating agent. The synthesis was tested at three PSSA/PANI molar ratios, an intense green colored aqueous composite solution being obtained in each case. For comparison purposes, commercially available polyaniline and PSSA were also investigated. PSSA-PANI composites, PANI and PSSA were investigated through thermal analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. Thin films of PSSA/PANI complex were spin coated on glass substrates which were further investigated through Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Also, thin films of PSSA-PANI were deposited on interdigitated electrodes for dielectric measurements.
Physical description
1 - 12 - 2014
15 - 12 - 2014
27 - 8 - 2013
  • [1] Perento J., Inherently Conductive Polyaniline for Electronics Applications, In: Polymers in Electronics, Conference Proceedings, (30-31 January 2007, Munich, Germany), Smithers-Rapra Ltd., 2007, 1-8.
  • [2] MacDiarmid, A.G., Synthetics Metals: a novel role for organic polymer (Nobel lecture), Synth. Met., 2002, 1, 11-12.
  • [3] Bhadra, S., Singha, N.K., Khastgir, D., Effect of aromatic substitution in aniline on the properties of Polyaniline,Eur. Polym. J., 2008, 44, 1763-1770.[Crossref][WoS]
  • [4] Chevalier, J.W., Bergeron, J.Y., Dao, L.H., Synthesis, characterization, and properties of poly (N-alkylanilines), Macromolecules, 1992, 25, 3325-3331.[Crossref]
  • [5] Nguyen, M.T., Kasai, P., Miller, J.L., Diaz, A.F., Synthesis and properties of novel water-soluble conducting polyaniline copolymers, Macromolecules, 1994, 27, 3625-3631.[Crossref]
  • [6] Bhadra, S., Singha, N.K., Khastgir, D., Effect of aromatic substitution in aniline on the properties of Polyaniline, Eur. Polym. J., 2008, 44, 1763-1770.[Crossref][WoS]
  • [7] Cao, Y., Smith, P., Heeger, A., Counterion induced processability of conducting polyaniline and of conducting polyblends of polyaniline in bulk polymers, Synth. Met., 1992, 48, 91-97.
  • [8] Armes, S.P., Aldissi, M., Agnew, S., Gottesfeld, S., Synthesis and characterization of aqueous colloidal dispersions of poly(vinyl alcohol)/polyaniline particles, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1990, 190, 63-74.
  • [9] Armes, S.P., Aldissi, M., Agnew, S., Gottesfeld, S., Aqueous colloidal dispersions of polyaniline formed by using poly(vinylpyridine)-based steric stabilizers, Langmuir, 1990, 6, 1745-1749.[Crossref]
  • [10] Amarnath, C.A., Palaniappan, S., Puzari, A., Rannou, P., Pron, A., Solution processible and conductive polyaniline via protonation with 4,4-bis(4-hydroxy phenyl)-valeric acid: preparation and characterization, Mater. Lett., 2007, 61, 4204-4207.[WoS]
  • [11] Olinga, T.E., Fraysse, J., Travers, J.P., Dufresne, A., Pron, A., Highly conducting and solution-processable polyaniline obtained via protonation with a new sulfonic acid containing plasticizing functional groups, Macromolecules, 2000, 33, 2107-2113.
  • [12] Xie, H.Q., Ma, Y.M., Feng, D.S., Preparation of organosoluble conductive polyaniline via precipitation polymerization and study of its conductivity, Eur. Polym. J., 2000, 36, 2201-2206.[Crossref]
  • [13] Hwang, J.H., Yang, S.C., Morphological modification of polyaniline using polyelectrolyte template molecules, Synth. Met., 1989, 29, 271-276.
  • [14] Li, S., Dong, H., Cao, Y., Synthesis and characterization of soluble polyaniline, Synth. Met., 1989, 29, 329-336.[WoS]
  • [15] Kim, J.W., Kim, S.G., Choi, H.J., Jhon, M.S., Synthesis and electrorheological properties of polyaniline-Na+-montmorillonite suspensions, Macromol. Rapid Commun., 1999, 20, 450-452.
  • [16] Choi, H.J., Park, S.J., Kim, S.T., Jhon, M.S., Electrorheological application of polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites, Diamond Relat. Mater., 2005, 14, 766-769.
  • [17] Yue, J., Epstein, A.J., Synthesis of self-doped conducting poly- aniline, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 2800-2801.
  • [18] Li, D., Jiang, Y., Wu, Z., Chen, X., Li, Y., Fabrication of self-assembled polyaniline films by doping-induced deposition, Thin Solid Films, 2000, 360, 24-27.
  • [19] Hopkins, R., Sawell, D.D., Villahermosa, R.M., Lipeles, R.A., Interfacial synthesis of electrically conducting polyaniline nanofiber composites, Thin Solid Films, 2004, 469-470, 304-308.
  • [20] Bekri-Abbes, I., Bayoudh, S., Baklouti, M., Converting waste polystyrene into adsorbent: Potential use in the removal of lead and cadmium ions from aqueous solution, J. Polym. Environ., 2006, 14, 249-256.[Crossref]
  • [21] El-kharouf, A., Chandan, A., Hattenberger, M., Pollet, B.G., Proton exchange membrane fuel cell degradation and testing: review, J. Energ. Inst., 2012, 85, 188–200.[WoS]
  • [22] Ping, Z., In situ FTIR-attenuated total reflection spectroscopic investigations on the baseeacid transitions of polyaniline. Base-acid transition in the emeraldine form of Polyaniline, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1996, 92, 3063-3067.[Crossref]
  • [23] Cochet, M., Louarn, G., Quillard, S., Boyer, M.I., Buisson, J.P., Lefrant, S., Theoretical and experimental vibrational study of polyaniline in base forms: non-planar analysis. Part I., J. Raman Spectrosc., 2000, 31, 1029-1039.[Crossref]
  • [24] Blomquist, M., Bobacka, J., Ivaska, A., Levon, K., Electrochemical and spectroscopic study on thiolation of polyaniline, Electrochim. Acta., 2013, 90, 604-614.[WoS]
  • [25] Tarver, J., Yoo, J.E., Loo Y.L., Organic Electronic Devices with Water-Dispersible Conducting Polymers, In: Wiederrecht G. (ed), Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics, Elsevier BV, Amsterdam, 2010
  • [26] Boonpoo-nga, R., Sriring, M., Nijpanich, S., Wongbuth, L., Martwiset, S., Semi-interpenetrating Polymer Networks of Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid) and Poly(acrylic acid) for Fuel Cell Applications, KKU Res. J., 2011, 16, 757-763.
  • [27] Gomes, E.C., Oliveira, M.A.S., Chemical Polymerization of Aniline in Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) and Formic Acid (HCOOH) Media. Differences Between the Two Synthesized Polyanilines, Am. J. Polym. Sci., 2012, 2, 5-13.
  • [28] Shakoor, A., Rizvi T.Z., Nawaz, A., Raman spectroscopy and AC conductivity of polyaniline montmorillonite (PANI–MMT) nanocomposites, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron., 2011, 22, 1076-1080.[WoS][Crossref]
  • [29] Claudio, H.B., Ferreira, S.D.C, Constantino, V.R.L., Temperin, M.L.A., Characterization of the products of aniline peroxydisulfate oligo/polymerization in media with different pH by resonance Raman spectroscopy at 413.1 and 1064 nm excitation wavelengths, J. Raman Spectrosc., 2011, 42, 1653–1659.[WoS]
  • [30] Gupta, N., Kumar, D., Tomar, S.K., Thermal Behaviour of Chemically Synthesized Polyanilines/Polystyrene Sulphonic Acid Composites, Int. J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 2, 79-85
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.