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Journal
2015 | 13 | 1 |
Article title

Hydrogen production from ethanol in nitrogen microwave plasma at atmospheric pressure

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Hydrogen seems to be one of the most promising alternative energy sources. It is a renewable fuel as it could be produced from e.g. waste or bio-ethanol. Furthermore hydrogen is compatible with fuel cells and is environmentally clean. In contrast to conventional methods of hydrogen production such as water electrolysis or coal gasification we propose a method based on atmospheric pressure microwave plasma. In this paper we present results of the experimental investigations of hydrogen production from ethanol in the atmospheric pressure plasma generated in
waveguide-supplied cylindrical type nozzleless
microwave (2.45 GHz) plasma source (MPS). Nitrogen was used as a working gas. All experimental tests were performed with the nitrogen flow rate Q ranged from 1500 to
3900 NL h-1 and absorbed microwave power PA up to
5 kW. Ethanol was introduced into the plasma using the induction heating vaporizer. The process resulted in an ethanol conversion rate greater than 99%. The hydrogen production rate was up to 728 NL[H2] h-1 and the energy efficiency was 178 NL[H2] per kWh of absorbed microwave energy.
EN
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
13
Issue
1
Physical description
Dates
accepted
14 - 5 - 2014
online
17 - 11 - 2014
received
31 - 1 - 2014
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_chem-2015-0039
Identifiers
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