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Journal
2015 | 13 | 1 |
Article title

Plasma recycling of chloroorganic wastes

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
A high temperature of thermal plasma provides
more efficient decomposition of the wastes in comparison
to traditional combustion. Due to the high temperature
and high density of energy in the plasma, the destruction
rate is high, which determines a high efficiency waste
decomposition. The main products of pyrolysis plasma
chloroorganic compounds are pyrolysis gas and pyrolysis
coke. In order to reduce carbon soot, the steam supported
reaction was used. Application of plasma at a temperature
range from 1000 to 1750 K enabled destruction of the
chloroorganic compounds with a very good yield. Several
degradation products were received , which were analyzed.
In the research electric arc plasma was used in the process
of pyrolysis chloroorganic waste utilization. The reactor
with a rotating arc was applied. Selected chloroorganic
compounds were selected as the model: chloromethane
(CH3Cl), carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), chlorobenzene
(C6H5Cl) and dichlorobiphenyl (PCB-C12H8Cl2). Based on
the amount of the individual components, chloroorganic
in the exhaust gases, and the amount introduced to the
plasma decomposition, percentage yield was calculated. Research results indicated that decomposition
efficiency was more than 99,8% with the exception of CCl4
pyrolysis, which in the exhaust had a content of 0.2%
CCl4.
EN
Keywords
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
13
Issue
1
Physical description
Dates
received
18 - 2 - 2014
accepted
2 - 7 - 2014
online
22 - 12 - 2014
References
  • [1] Seok-Wan K., Hyun-Seo P., Hyung-Jin K., 100kW steam plasmaprocess for treatment of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls)waste, Vacuum, 2003, 70, 59[Crossref]
  • [2] Gomez E., Amutha Rani D., Cheeseman C.R., Deegan D.,Wise M., Boccaccini A.R., J. Hazard. Mat. 161, 614 (2009)
  • [3] Huang H., Tang L., Energy Conversion and Management, 2007,48, 1331[Crossref]
  • [4] Kołaciński Z., Cedzyńska K., J. Adv. Oxidation Technol., 2004,7(1), 74
  • [5] Eriksson G., Hack K., Met. Trans. B, 1990, 21B, 1013
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_chem-2015-0023
Identifiers
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